Electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry for structural characterization of oligosaccharides derivatized with 2-aminobenzamide.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2005; 19(9):1145-58.RC
The use of electrospray ionization (ESI) quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the characterization of 2-aminobenzamide (2AB)-labeled oligosaccharides and N-linked protein oligosaccharide mixtures is described. The major signals were obtained under these conditions from the [M+Na]+ ions for all 2AB-derivatized oligosaccharides. Under collision-induced dissociation, sodiated molecular species generated in the ESI mode yield simple and predictable mass spectra. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) experiments with orders higher than two offer a number of ways to enhance MS/MS spectra and to derive information not present in MS and MS2 spectra. Information on composition, sequence, branching and, to some extent, interglycosidic linkages can be deduced from fragments resulting from the cleavage of glycosidic bonds and from weak cross-ring cleavage products. Reversed-phase HPLC and derivatization by reductive amination using 2-aminobenzamide were finally applied to characterize a glycan pool enzymatically released from glycoproteins.