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Risk factors for asthma among primary school children in Baghdad, Iraq.
Saudi Med J. 2005 Mar; 26(3):460-6.SM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases of children. To fill the gap in data concerning this disease in Iraq, we investigated the socio-demographic and other risk factors related to asthma occurrence among primary school children.

METHODS

A case control study was conducted in Baghdad, Iraq among primary school children aged 6-12 years, for the period between October 2000 and June 2002. Six hundred and forty-four children with asthma were investigated with a control group of 1618 children without asthma. Well-constructed standardized modified questionnaires of International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood were completed by the parents of the chosen children.

RESULTS

From the studied risk factors, the following were found as significant risk factors for asthma development: crowding rate of > or = 5 (odds ratio [OR]=1.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.1 - 2.4), lower educational level of parents, prematurity (OR=1.61, 95% CI=1.003-2.59), low birth weight (OR=2.41, 95% CI=1.87-3.09), family history of asthma whether father (OR=3.86, 95% CI=2.54-5.87), or mother (OR=8.27, 95% CI=5.21-13.15) or sibling (OR=4.33, 95% CI=3.24-5.8) and environmental exposure to tobacco smoking during pregnancy or currently from both parents. On the contrary, our study failed to detect significant association for the following factors: gender, residency, type of birth, breast feeding and duration.

CONCLUSION

Crowding, low parental education, prematurity, low birth weight, family history of asthma and smoking are significant risk factors for asthma development among our primary school children. Efforts must be concentrated for hygienic environment, good antenatal care and quitting smoking habits in order to overcome this health problem.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Al-Kadhmiya, Baghdad, Iraq.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15806220

Citation

Al-Kubaisy, Waqar, et al. "Risk Factors for Asthma Among Primary School Children in Baghdad, Iraq." Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 26, no. 3, 2005, pp. 460-6.
Al-Kubaisy W, Ali SH, Al-Thamiri D. Risk factors for asthma among primary school children in Baghdad, Iraq. Saudi Med J. 2005;26(3):460-6.
Al-Kubaisy, W., Ali, S. H., & Al-Thamiri, D. (2005). Risk factors for asthma among primary school children in Baghdad, Iraq. Saudi Medical Journal, 26(3), 460-6.
Al-Kubaisy W, Ali SH, Al-Thamiri D. Risk Factors for Asthma Among Primary School Children in Baghdad, Iraq. Saudi Med J. 2005;26(3):460-6. PubMed PMID: 15806220.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors for asthma among primary school children in Baghdad, Iraq. AU - Al-Kubaisy,Waqar, AU - Ali,Shatha H, AU - Al-Thamiri,Dawood, PY - 2005/4/5/pubmed PY - 2005/9/8/medline PY - 2005/4/5/entrez SP - 460 EP - 6 JF - Saudi medical journal JO - Saudi Med J VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases of children. To fill the gap in data concerning this disease in Iraq, we investigated the socio-demographic and other risk factors related to asthma occurrence among primary school children. METHODS: A case control study was conducted in Baghdad, Iraq among primary school children aged 6-12 years, for the period between October 2000 and June 2002. Six hundred and forty-four children with asthma were investigated with a control group of 1618 children without asthma. Well-constructed standardized modified questionnaires of International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood were completed by the parents of the chosen children. RESULTS: From the studied risk factors, the following were found as significant risk factors for asthma development: crowding rate of > or = 5 (odds ratio [OR]=1.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.1 - 2.4), lower educational level of parents, prematurity (OR=1.61, 95% CI=1.003-2.59), low birth weight (OR=2.41, 95% CI=1.87-3.09), family history of asthma whether father (OR=3.86, 95% CI=2.54-5.87), or mother (OR=8.27, 95% CI=5.21-13.15) or sibling (OR=4.33, 95% CI=3.24-5.8) and environmental exposure to tobacco smoking during pregnancy or currently from both parents. On the contrary, our study failed to detect significant association for the following factors: gender, residency, type of birth, breast feeding and duration. CONCLUSION: Crowding, low parental education, prematurity, low birth weight, family history of asthma and smoking are significant risk factors for asthma development among our primary school children. Efforts must be concentrated for hygienic environment, good antenatal care and quitting smoking habits in order to overcome this health problem. SN - 0379-5284 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15806220/Risk_factors_for_asthma_among_primary_school_children_in_Baghdad_Iraq_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/633 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -