Hypothermic machine perfusion of rat livers preserves endothelial cell function.Transplant Proc. 2005 Jan-Feb; 37(1):335-7.TP
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of starch in the preservation solution during hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) on endothelial cell and hepatocyte functions in an isolated perfused rat liver model. Livers isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats were perfused with the University of Wisconsin (UW) solution (HMP + starch group); modified UW solution (starch omitted) (HMP - starch group) at 0.4 mL/min per g liver; or simply stored in the UW solution (SCS group) at 4 degrees C for 24 hours. Following preservation, livers from HMP + starch, HMP - starch, SCS, and control group (without preservation) were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit Buffer solution at 37 degrees C for 30 minutes. Samples were taken every 10 minutes during 30-minute warm perfusion to assess hepatocyte and endothelial cell function and damage. After 24 hours of hypothermic preservation and 30 minutes rewarming, livers in the HMP + starch group displayed significantly lower lactate dehydrogenase levels and higher bile production. Endothelial cell function was also improved as indicated by hyaluronic acid uptake and shorter transient time for albumin observed in a multiple indicator dilution study. Liver wet and dry ratio and histological findings confirmed reduced edema formation in the tissue of the HMP + starch group livers compared with that of the HMP - starch and SCS group livers. These results suggest that HMP with the UW solution containing starch improve endothelial cell function and induce less hepatocellular damage following 24-hour preservation compared to SCS and HMP with the starch-free UW solution. These results also suggest that oncotic support may be an important component in preserving hepatic microcirculation in HMP.