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Embryotoxic effects of CKD-602, a new camptothecin anticancer agent, in rats.
Reprod Toxicol. 2005 May-Jun; 20(1):165-73.RT

Abstract

CKD-602 is a newly developed camptothecin anticancer agent. Preclinical studies suggest that it may have greater antitumor activity and lower toxicity than other camptothecin anticancer agents. The potential of CKD-602 to induce embryotoxicity was investigated in the Sprague-Dawley rat. One hundred mated females (sperm in vaginal lavage=day 0) were distributed among three treatment groups and a control group. CKD-602 was administered intravenously at dose levels of 0, 5, 20 and 80 microg/kg/d to pregnant rats from days 6 to 15 of gestation. The vehicle control rats received an equivalent volume of 1 ml distilled water with d-mannitol 50mg and tartaric acid 0.06 mg. All dams were subjected to the caesarean section on day 20 of gestation. There were no signs of maternal toxicity or embryotoxicity at 5 microg/kg/d, but at 20 microg/kg/d, there was an increase in relative brain weight. At 80 microg/kg/d, reduced food intake, suppressed body weight and increased weight of spleen were observed in dams. An increase in the resorptions and dead fetuses, a decrease in litter size, fetal and placental weights were also found. In addition, various types of external, visceral and skeletal malformations occurred. Characteristic malformations included absent eye bulge, agnathia, dilated cerebral ventricle, anophthalmia, absent thoracic centrum, fused vertebral arch, fused rib, among others. Visceral and skeletal variations were observed. Retarded ossification of several skeletal districts and delayed ossification of sternebrae, metatarsals and sacrocaudal vertebrae were also observed. The results show that CKD-602 is embryotoxic and teratogenic at a minimally maternally toxic dose, i.e. at 80 microg/kg/d in rats. The no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) of CKD-602 for developmental toxicity was considered to be 20 microg/kg/d, however, the NOAEL for maternal toxicity was 5 microg/kg/d.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Korea Institute of Toxicology, KRICT, Daejeon 305-600, Republic of Korea. mkchung@kit.re.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15808800

Citation

Chung, Moon-Koo, et al. "Embryotoxic Effects of CKD-602, a New Camptothecin Anticancer Agent, in Rats." Reproductive Toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.), vol. 20, no. 1, 2005, pp. 165-73.
Chung MK, Kim JC, Han SS. Embryotoxic effects of CKD-602, a new camptothecin anticancer agent, in rats. Reprod Toxicol. 2005;20(1):165-73.
Chung, M. K., Kim, J. C., & Han, S. S. (2005). Embryotoxic effects of CKD-602, a new camptothecin anticancer agent, in rats. Reproductive Toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.), 20(1), 165-73.
Chung MK, Kim JC, Han SS. Embryotoxic Effects of CKD-602, a New Camptothecin Anticancer Agent, in Rats. Reprod Toxicol. 2005 May-Jun;20(1):165-73. PubMed PMID: 15808800.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Embryotoxic effects of CKD-602, a new camptothecin anticancer agent, in rats. AU - Chung,Moon-Koo, AU - Kim,Jong-Choon, AU - Han,Sang-Seop, PY - 2004/01/22/received PY - 2004/12/07/revised PY - 2005/01/01/accepted PY - 2005/4/6/pubmed PY - 2005/7/27/medline PY - 2005/4/6/entrez SP - 165 EP - 73 JF - Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.) JO - Reprod Toxicol VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - CKD-602 is a newly developed camptothecin anticancer agent. Preclinical studies suggest that it may have greater antitumor activity and lower toxicity than other camptothecin anticancer agents. The potential of CKD-602 to induce embryotoxicity was investigated in the Sprague-Dawley rat. One hundred mated females (sperm in vaginal lavage=day 0) were distributed among three treatment groups and a control group. CKD-602 was administered intravenously at dose levels of 0, 5, 20 and 80 microg/kg/d to pregnant rats from days 6 to 15 of gestation. The vehicle control rats received an equivalent volume of 1 ml distilled water with d-mannitol 50mg and tartaric acid 0.06 mg. All dams were subjected to the caesarean section on day 20 of gestation. There were no signs of maternal toxicity or embryotoxicity at 5 microg/kg/d, but at 20 microg/kg/d, there was an increase in relative brain weight. At 80 microg/kg/d, reduced food intake, suppressed body weight and increased weight of spleen were observed in dams. An increase in the resorptions and dead fetuses, a decrease in litter size, fetal and placental weights were also found. In addition, various types of external, visceral and skeletal malformations occurred. Characteristic malformations included absent eye bulge, agnathia, dilated cerebral ventricle, anophthalmia, absent thoracic centrum, fused vertebral arch, fused rib, among others. Visceral and skeletal variations were observed. Retarded ossification of several skeletal districts and delayed ossification of sternebrae, metatarsals and sacrocaudal vertebrae were also observed. The results show that CKD-602 is embryotoxic and teratogenic at a minimally maternally toxic dose, i.e. at 80 microg/kg/d in rats. The no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) of CKD-602 for developmental toxicity was considered to be 20 microg/kg/d, however, the NOAEL for maternal toxicity was 5 microg/kg/d. SN - 0890-6238 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15808800/Embryotoxic_effects_of_CKD_602_a_new_camptothecin_anticancer_agent_in_rats_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-6238(05)00008-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -