Biochemical characterisation of the trehalase of thermophilic fungi: an enzyme with mixed properties of neutral and acid trehalase.Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 May 25; 1723(1-3):201-7.BB
The trehalases from some thermophilic fungi, such as Humicola grisea, Scytalidium thermophilum, or Chaetomium thermophilum, possess mixed properties in comparison with those of the two main groups of trehalases: acid and neutral trehalases. Such as acid trehalases these enzymes are highly thermostable extracellular glycoproteins, which act at acidic pH. However, these enzymes are activated by calcium or manganese, and as a result inhibited by chelators and by ATP, properties typical of neutral trehalases. Here we extended the biochemical characterisation of these enzymes, by assaying their activity at acid and neutral pH. The acid activity (25-30% of total) was assayed in McIlvaine buffer at pH 4.5. Under these conditions the enzyme was neither activated by calcium nor inhibited by EDTA or ATP. The neutral activity was estimated in MES buffer at pH 6.5, after subtracting the activity resistant to EDTA inhibition. The neutral activity was activated by calcium and inhibited by ATP. On the other hand, the acid activity was more thermostable than the neutral activity, had a higher temperature optimum, exhibited a lower K(m), and different sensitivity to several ions and other substances. Apparently, these trehalases represent a new class of trehalases. More knowledge is needed about the molecular structure of this protein and its corresponding gene, to clarify the structural and evolutionary relationship of this trehalase to the conventional trehalases.