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A P2X receptor-mediated nociceptive afferent pathway to lamina I of the spinal cord.
Mol Pain. 2005 Jan 17; 1:4.MP

Abstract

Of the six lamina regions in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, lamina I is a major sensory region involved in nociceptive transmission under both physiological and pathological conditions. While P2X receptors have been shown to be involved in nociception, it remains unknown if P2X receptors are involved in nociceptive transmission to lamina I neurons. Using rat spinal cord slice preparations and patch-clamp recordings, we have demonstrated that the excitatory synaptic transmission between primary afferent fibers and lamina I neurons is significantly affected by ATP and alpha,beta-methylene-ATP. The synaptic effects of them include the increases of the frequency of both miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) and spontaneous EPSCs (sEPSCs), and decreases of evoked EPSCs (eEPSCs). These effects were blocked by pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2', 4'-disulfonic acid (PPADS, 10 microM) and suramin (30 microM). In the neurons for which ATP and alpha,beta-methylene-ATP had effects on mEPSCs, sEPSCs and eEPSCs, capsaicin produced similar synaptic effects. Our results indicate that P2X receptors are expressed on many afferent fibers that directly synapse to lamina I neurons. Furthermore, these P2X receptor-expressing afferent fibers are capsaicin-sensitive nociceptive afferents. Thus, this study reveals a P2X receptor-mediated nociceptive afferent pathway to lamina I of the spinal cord and provides a new insight into the nociceptive functions of P2X receptors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, McKnight Brain Institute and College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA. mgchen@dental.ufl.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15813988

Citation

Chen, Meng, and Jianguo G. Gu. "A P2X Receptor-mediated Nociceptive Afferent Pathway to Lamina I of the Spinal Cord." Molecular Pain, vol. 1, 2005, p. 4.
Chen M, Gu JG. A P2X receptor-mediated nociceptive afferent pathway to lamina I of the spinal cord. Mol Pain. 2005;1:4.
Chen, M., & Gu, J. G. (2005). A P2X receptor-mediated nociceptive afferent pathway to lamina I of the spinal cord. Molecular Pain, 1, 4.
Chen M, Gu JG. A P2X Receptor-mediated Nociceptive Afferent Pathway to Lamina I of the Spinal Cord. Mol Pain. 2005 Jan 17;1:4. PubMed PMID: 15813988.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A P2X receptor-mediated nociceptive afferent pathway to lamina I of the spinal cord. AU - Chen,Meng, AU - Gu,Jianguo G, Y1 - 2005/01/17/ PY - 2004/11/24/received PY - 2005/01/17/accepted PY - 2005/4/9/pubmed PY - 2008/9/3/medline PY - 2005/4/9/entrez SP - 4 EP - 4 JF - Molecular pain JO - Mol Pain VL - 1 N2 - Of the six lamina regions in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, lamina I is a major sensory region involved in nociceptive transmission under both physiological and pathological conditions. While P2X receptors have been shown to be involved in nociception, it remains unknown if P2X receptors are involved in nociceptive transmission to lamina I neurons. Using rat spinal cord slice preparations and patch-clamp recordings, we have demonstrated that the excitatory synaptic transmission between primary afferent fibers and lamina I neurons is significantly affected by ATP and alpha,beta-methylene-ATP. The synaptic effects of them include the increases of the frequency of both miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) and spontaneous EPSCs (sEPSCs), and decreases of evoked EPSCs (eEPSCs). These effects were blocked by pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2', 4'-disulfonic acid (PPADS, 10 microM) and suramin (30 microM). In the neurons for which ATP and alpha,beta-methylene-ATP had effects on mEPSCs, sEPSCs and eEPSCs, capsaicin produced similar synaptic effects. Our results indicate that P2X receptors are expressed on many afferent fibers that directly synapse to lamina I neurons. Furthermore, these P2X receptor-expressing afferent fibers are capsaicin-sensitive nociceptive afferents. Thus, this study reveals a P2X receptor-mediated nociceptive afferent pathway to lamina I of the spinal cord and provides a new insight into the nociceptive functions of P2X receptors. SN - 1744-8069 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15813988/A_P2X_receptor_mediated_nociceptive_afferent_pathway_to_lamina_I_of_the_spinal_cord_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1186/1744-8069-1-4?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -