Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dairy products do not lead to alterations in body weight or fat mass in young women in a 1-y intervention.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Apr; 81(4):751-6.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous results suggested that increased intake of dairy calcium is associated with reduced weight and fat mass.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to determine whether long-term increases in consumption of dairy calcium alter body weight and fat mass in young, healthy women.

DESIGN

We used a randomized, 1-y intervention for dairy calcium. Subjects were 155 young (aged 18-30 y), healthy, normal-weight women with intake of dietary calcium < 800 mg/d and energy intake </= 2200 kcal/d. Women were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1) control: continue established dietary intake; 2) medium dairy: substitute dairy products to achieve intake of calcium of approximately 1000-1100 mg/d and maintain isocaloric intake; 3) high dairy: substitute dairy products to achieve intake of calcium of 1300-1400 mg/d and maintain isocaloric intake. The main outcome measures were 1-y changes in body weight (in kg) and fat mass (in kg). One hundred thirty-five women completed the trial.

RESULTS

Mean intakes of calcium during the intervention were 742.4 +/- 321.5, 1026.4 +/- 311.3, and 1131.29 +/- 337.2 mg/d for the control, medium-dairy, and high-dairy groups, respectively (P < 0.0001). No significant differences were observed in the mean 1-y change in body weight between the control, medium-dairy, and high-dairy groups (0.8 +/- 2.8, 0.7 +/- 3.0, and 1.5 +/- 4.1 kg, respectively; P = 0.45). No significant differences were observed in the mean 1-y change in fat mass between the control, medium-dairy, and high-dairy groups (-0.5 +/- 2.5, 0.3 +/- 2.7, and 0.5 +/- 3.5 kg, respectively; P = 0.26).

CONCLUSION

Increased intake of dairy products does not alter body weight or fat mass in young, healthy women over 1 y.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15817848

Citation

Gunther, Carolyn W., et al. "Dairy Products Do Not Lead to Alterations in Body Weight or Fat Mass in Young Women in a 1-y Intervention." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 81, no. 4, 2005, pp. 751-6.
Gunther CW, Legowski PA, Lyle RM, et al. Dairy products do not lead to alterations in body weight or fat mass in young women in a 1-y intervention. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81(4):751-6.
Gunther, C. W., Legowski, P. A., Lyle, R. M., McCabe, G. P., Eagan, M. S., Peacock, M., & Teegarden, D. (2005). Dairy products do not lead to alterations in body weight or fat mass in young women in a 1-y intervention. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81(4), 751-6.
Gunther CW, et al. Dairy Products Do Not Lead to Alterations in Body Weight or Fat Mass in Young Women in a 1-y Intervention. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81(4):751-6. PubMed PMID: 15817848.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dairy products do not lead to alterations in body weight or fat mass in young women in a 1-y intervention. AU - Gunther,Carolyn W, AU - Legowski,Pamela A, AU - Lyle,Roseann M, AU - McCabe,George P, AU - Eagan,Marianne S, AU - Peacock,Munro, AU - Teegarden,Dorothy, PY - 2005/4/9/pubmed PY - 2005/5/4/medline PY - 2005/4/9/entrez SP - 751 EP - 6 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 81 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous results suggested that increased intake of dairy calcium is associated with reduced weight and fat mass. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether long-term increases in consumption of dairy calcium alter body weight and fat mass in young, healthy women. DESIGN: We used a randomized, 1-y intervention for dairy calcium. Subjects were 155 young (aged 18-30 y), healthy, normal-weight women with intake of dietary calcium < 800 mg/d and energy intake </= 2200 kcal/d. Women were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1) control: continue established dietary intake; 2) medium dairy: substitute dairy products to achieve intake of calcium of approximately 1000-1100 mg/d and maintain isocaloric intake; 3) high dairy: substitute dairy products to achieve intake of calcium of 1300-1400 mg/d and maintain isocaloric intake. The main outcome measures were 1-y changes in body weight (in kg) and fat mass (in kg). One hundred thirty-five women completed the trial. RESULTS: Mean intakes of calcium during the intervention were 742.4 +/- 321.5, 1026.4 +/- 311.3, and 1131.29 +/- 337.2 mg/d for the control, medium-dairy, and high-dairy groups, respectively (P < 0.0001). No significant differences were observed in the mean 1-y change in body weight between the control, medium-dairy, and high-dairy groups (0.8 +/- 2.8, 0.7 +/- 3.0, and 1.5 +/- 4.1 kg, respectively; P = 0.45). No significant differences were observed in the mean 1-y change in fat mass between the control, medium-dairy, and high-dairy groups (-0.5 +/- 2.5, 0.3 +/- 2.7, and 0.5 +/- 3.5 kg, respectively; P = 0.26). CONCLUSION: Increased intake of dairy products does not alter body weight or fat mass in young, healthy women over 1 y. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15817848/Dairy_products_do_not_lead_to_alterations_in_body_weight_or_fat_mass_in_young_women_in_a_1_y_intervention_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/81.4.754 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -