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Are measures of hypomanic personality, impulsive nonconformity and rigidity predictors of bipolar symptoms?
Br J Clin Psychol 2005; 44(Pt 1):15-27BJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

It has been suggested that temperaments such as 'hypomanic personality' (HYP) have an explanatory role in affective disorders. Similarly, the impulsive nonconformity scale, originally designed to assess psychosis proneness, was recently found to augment the prediction of manic episodes. Conversely, research indicates that 'rigidity', a central feature of Typus Melancholicus (TMEL; von Zerssen, 1996), may characterize the premorbid personality of depressives.

DESIGN

The present study combines these three scales to prospectively predict manic and depressive symptoms diagnosed 2 years later in a non-college student population.

METHOD

Structured clinical interviews for DSM-IV were conducted with 114 individuals (60% female, mean age = 19 . 9 years), 2 years after an initial screening.

RESULTS

It was found that none of the predictors predicted purely depressive symptoms. As expected, HYP emerged as the strongest predictor of (hypo-)manic symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS

While rigidity did not predict depression, people with a hypomanic temperament are at risk of developing symptoms of bipolar disorder, especially (hypo-)manic ones. It is noteworthy that this was evident in our young sample, still in the earlier stages of the high-risk period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Basel, Switzerland.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Studies

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15826341

Citation

Blechert, Jens, and Thomas D. Meyer. "Are Measures of Hypomanic Personality, Impulsive Nonconformity and Rigidity Predictors of Bipolar Symptoms?" The British Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 44, no. Pt 1, 2005, pp. 15-27.
Blechert J, Meyer TD. Are measures of hypomanic personality, impulsive nonconformity and rigidity predictors of bipolar symptoms? Br J Clin Psychol. 2005;44(Pt 1):15-27.
Blechert, J., & Meyer, T. D. (2005). Are measures of hypomanic personality, impulsive nonconformity and rigidity predictors of bipolar symptoms? The British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44(Pt 1), pp. 15-27.
Blechert J, Meyer TD. Are Measures of Hypomanic Personality, Impulsive Nonconformity and Rigidity Predictors of Bipolar Symptoms. Br J Clin Psychol. 2005;44(Pt 1):15-27. PubMed PMID: 15826341.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are measures of hypomanic personality, impulsive nonconformity and rigidity predictors of bipolar symptoms? AU - Blechert,Jens, AU - Meyer,Thomas D, PY - 2005/4/14/pubmed PY - 2005/5/13/medline PY - 2005/4/14/entrez SP - 15 EP - 27 JF - The British journal of clinical psychology JO - Br J Clin Psychol VL - 44 IS - Pt 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that temperaments such as 'hypomanic personality' (HYP) have an explanatory role in affective disorders. Similarly, the impulsive nonconformity scale, originally designed to assess psychosis proneness, was recently found to augment the prediction of manic episodes. Conversely, research indicates that 'rigidity', a central feature of Typus Melancholicus (TMEL; von Zerssen, 1996), may characterize the premorbid personality of depressives. DESIGN: The present study combines these three scales to prospectively predict manic and depressive symptoms diagnosed 2 years later in a non-college student population. METHOD: Structured clinical interviews for DSM-IV were conducted with 114 individuals (60% female, mean age = 19 . 9 years), 2 years after an initial screening. RESULTS: It was found that none of the predictors predicted purely depressive symptoms. As expected, HYP emerged as the strongest predictor of (hypo-)manic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: While rigidity did not predict depression, people with a hypomanic temperament are at risk of developing symptoms of bipolar disorder, especially (hypo-)manic ones. It is noteworthy that this was evident in our young sample, still in the earlier stages of the high-risk period. SN - 0144-6657 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15826341/Are_measures_of_hypomanic_personality,_impulsive_nonconformity_and_rigidity_predictors_of_bipolar_symptoms L2 - https://doi.org/10.1348/014466504X19758 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -