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Reoperative laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: an experience with 49 cases.
Obes Surg. 2005 Mar; 15(3):316-22.OS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Long-term complications leading to reoperation after primary bariatric surgery are not uncommon. Reoperations are particularly challenging because of tissue scarring and adhesions related to the first operation. Reoperations must address the complication(s) related to the scarring and, at the same time, prevent weight regain that would inevitably occur after simple reversal. Conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) has repeatedly been demonstrated to be the procedure of choice in most situations. It has traditionally been performed through an open approach. Our aim is to describe our experience with the laparoscopic approach in reoperations to RYGBP over the past 5 years.

METHODS

All patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGBP as a reoperation were included in this study. Patients with multiple previous operations or patients with band erosion after gastric banding were submitted to laparotomy. Data were collected prospectively.

RESULTS

Between June 1999 and August 2004, 49 patients (44 women, 5 men) underwent laparoscopic reoperative RYGBP. The first operation was gastric banding in 32 and vertical banded gastroplasty in 15. The mean duration of the reoperation was 195 minutes. No conversion to open was necessary. Overall morbidity was 20%, with major complications in 2 patients (4%). Weight loss, or weight maintenance, was satisfactory, with a BMI <35 kg/m2 up to 4 years in close to 75% of the patients.

CONCLUSIONS

Laparoscopic RYGBP can be safely performed as a reoperation in selected patients provided that the surgical expertise is available. These procedures are clearly more difficult than primary operations, as reflected by the long operative time. Overall morbidity and mortality, however, are not different. Long-term results regarding weight loss or weight maintenance are highly satisfactory, and comparable to those obtained after laparoscopic RYGBP as a primary operation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois Lausanne, Switzerland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15826463

Citation

Calmes, J M., et al. "Reoperative Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: an Experience With 49 Cases." Obesity Surgery, vol. 15, no. 3, 2005, pp. 316-22.
Calmes JM, Giusti V, Suter M. Reoperative laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: an experience with 49 cases. Obes Surg. 2005;15(3):316-22.
Calmes, J. M., Giusti, V., & Suter, M. (2005). Reoperative laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: an experience with 49 cases. Obesity Surgery, 15(3), 316-22.
Calmes JM, Giusti V, Suter M. Reoperative Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: an Experience With 49 Cases. Obes Surg. 2005;15(3):316-22. PubMed PMID: 15826463.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reoperative laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: an experience with 49 cases. AU - Calmes,J M, AU - Giusti,V, AU - Suter,M, PY - 2005/4/14/pubmed PY - 2005/7/15/medline PY - 2005/4/14/entrez SP - 316 EP - 22 JF - Obesity surgery JO - Obes Surg VL - 15 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Long-term complications leading to reoperation after primary bariatric surgery are not uncommon. Reoperations are particularly challenging because of tissue scarring and adhesions related to the first operation. Reoperations must address the complication(s) related to the scarring and, at the same time, prevent weight regain that would inevitably occur after simple reversal. Conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) has repeatedly been demonstrated to be the procedure of choice in most situations. It has traditionally been performed through an open approach. Our aim is to describe our experience with the laparoscopic approach in reoperations to RYGBP over the past 5 years. METHODS: All patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGBP as a reoperation were included in this study. Patients with multiple previous operations or patients with band erosion after gastric banding were submitted to laparotomy. Data were collected prospectively. RESULTS: Between June 1999 and August 2004, 49 patients (44 women, 5 men) underwent laparoscopic reoperative RYGBP. The first operation was gastric banding in 32 and vertical banded gastroplasty in 15. The mean duration of the reoperation was 195 minutes. No conversion to open was necessary. Overall morbidity was 20%, with major complications in 2 patients (4%). Weight loss, or weight maintenance, was satisfactory, with a BMI <35 kg/m2 up to 4 years in close to 75% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic RYGBP can be safely performed as a reoperation in selected patients provided that the surgical expertise is available. These procedures are clearly more difficult than primary operations, as reflected by the long operative time. Overall morbidity and mortality, however, are not different. Long-term results regarding weight loss or weight maintenance are highly satisfactory, and comparable to those obtained after laparoscopic RYGBP as a primary operation. SN - 0960-8923 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15826463/Reoperative_laparoscopic_Roux_en_Y_gastric_bypass:_an_experience_with_49_cases_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1381/0960892053576785 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -