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Trends in smoking behaviour between 1985 and 2000 in nine European countries by education.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 May; 59(5):395-401.JE

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine whether trends in smoking behaviour in Western Europe between 1985 and 2000 differed by education group.

DESIGN

Data of smoking behaviour and education level were obtained from national cross sectional surveys conducted between 1985 and 2000 (a period characterised by intense tobacco control policies) and analysed for countries combined and each country separately. Annual trends in smoking prevalence and the quantity of cigarettes consumed by smokers were summarised for each education level. Education inequalities in smoking were examined at four time points.

SETTING

Data were obtained from nine European countries: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, and Spain.

PARTICIPANTS

451 386 non-institutionalised men and women 25-79 years old.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Smoking status, daily quantity of cigarettes consumed by smokers.

RESULTS

Combined country analyses showed greater declines in smoking and tobacco consumption among tertiary educated men and women compared with their less educated counterparts. In country specific analyses, elementary educated British men and women, and elementary educated Italian men showed greater declines in smoking than their more educated counterparts. Among Swedish, Finnish, Danish, German, Italian, and Spanish women, greater declines were seen among more educated groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Widening education inequalities in smoking related diseases may be seen in several European countries in the future. More insight into effective strategies specifically targeting the smoking behaviour of low educated groups may be gained from examining the tobacco control policies of the UK and Italy over this period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Centre, 3000DR Rotterdam, Netherlands. k.giskes@erasmusmc.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15831689

Citation

Giskes, K, et al. "Trends in Smoking Behaviour Between 1985 and 2000 in Nine European Countries By Education." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 59, no. 5, 2005, pp. 395-401.
Giskes K, Kunst AE, Benach J, et al. Trends in smoking behaviour between 1985 and 2000 in nine European countries by education. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005;59(5):395-401.
Giskes, K., Kunst, A. E., Benach, J., Borrell, C., Costa, G., Dahl, E., Dalstra, J. A., Federico, B., Helmert, U., Judge, K., Lahelma, E., Moussa, K., Ostergren, P. O., Platt, S., Prattala, R., Rasmussen, N. K., & Mackenbach, J. P. (2005). Trends in smoking behaviour between 1985 and 2000 in nine European countries by education. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(5), 395-401.
Giskes K, et al. Trends in Smoking Behaviour Between 1985 and 2000 in Nine European Countries By Education. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005;59(5):395-401. PubMed PMID: 15831689.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in smoking behaviour between 1985 and 2000 in nine European countries by education. AU - Giskes,K, AU - Kunst,A E, AU - Benach,J, AU - Borrell,C, AU - Costa,G, AU - Dahl,E, AU - Dalstra,J A A, AU - Federico,B, AU - Helmert,U, AU - Judge,K, AU - Lahelma,E, AU - Moussa,K, AU - Ostergren,P O, AU - Platt,S, AU - Prattala,R, AU - Rasmussen,N K, AU - Mackenbach,J P, PY - 2005/4/16/pubmed PY - 2005/8/12/medline PY - 2005/4/16/entrez SP - 395 EP - 401 JF - Journal of epidemiology and community health JO - J Epidemiol Community Health VL - 59 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine whether trends in smoking behaviour in Western Europe between 1985 and 2000 differed by education group. DESIGN: Data of smoking behaviour and education level were obtained from national cross sectional surveys conducted between 1985 and 2000 (a period characterised by intense tobacco control policies) and analysed for countries combined and each country separately. Annual trends in smoking prevalence and the quantity of cigarettes consumed by smokers were summarised for each education level. Education inequalities in smoking were examined at four time points. SETTING: Data were obtained from nine European countries: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, and Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 451 386 non-institutionalised men and women 25-79 years old. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Smoking status, daily quantity of cigarettes consumed by smokers. RESULTS: Combined country analyses showed greater declines in smoking and tobacco consumption among tertiary educated men and women compared with their less educated counterparts. In country specific analyses, elementary educated British men and women, and elementary educated Italian men showed greater declines in smoking than their more educated counterparts. Among Swedish, Finnish, Danish, German, Italian, and Spanish women, greater declines were seen among more educated groups. CONCLUSIONS: Widening education inequalities in smoking related diseases may be seen in several European countries in the future. More insight into effective strategies specifically targeting the smoking behaviour of low educated groups may be gained from examining the tobacco control policies of the UK and Italy over this period. SN - 0143-005X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15831689/Trends_in_smoking_behaviour_between_1985_and_2000_in_nine_European_countries_by_education_ L2 - http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15831689 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -