Development of simultaneous gas chromatography-mass spectrometric and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometric determination method for the new designer drugs, N-benzylpiperazine (BZP), 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP) and their main metabolites in urine.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 May 25; 819(2):315-22.JC
To prove the intake of recently controlled designer drugs, N-benzylpiperazine (BZP) and 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (TFMPP), a simple, sensitive and reliable method which allows us to simultaneously detect BZP, TFMPP and their major metabolite in human urine has been established by coupling gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS). GC-MS accompanied by trifluoroacetyl (TFA) derivatization and LC-MS analyses were performed after the enzymatic hydrolysis and the solid phase extraction with OASIS HLB, and BZP, TFMPP and their major metabolites, 4'-hydroxy-BZP (p-OH-BZP), 3'-hydroxy-BZP (m-OH-BZP) and 4'-hydroxy-TFMPP (p-OH-TFMPP), have found to be satisfactorily separated on a semi-micro SCX column with acetonitrile-40 mM ammonium acetate buffer (pH 4) (75:25, v/v) as the eluent. The detection limits produced by GC-MS were estimated to be from 50 ng/ml to 1 microg/ml in the scan mode, and from 200 to 500 ng/ml in the selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. Upon applying the LC-ESI-MS technique, the linear calibration curves were obtained by using the SIM mode for all analytes in the concentration range from 10 ng/ml to 10 microg/ml. The detection limits ranged from 5 to 40 ng/ml in the scan mode, and from 0.2 to 1 ng/ml in the SIM mode. These results indicate the high reliability and sensitivity of the present procedure, and this procedure will be applicable for proof of intake of BZP and TFMPP in forensic toxicology.