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Effect of Iyengar yoga therapy for chronic low back pain.
Pain. 2005 May; 115(1-2):107-17.PAIN

Abstract

Low back pain is a significant public health problem and one of the most commonly reported reasons for the use of Complementary Alternative Medicine. A randomized control trial was conducted in subjects with non-specific chronic low back pain comparing Iyengar yoga therapy to an educational control group. Both programs were 16 weeks long. Subjects were primarily self-referred and screened by primary care physicians for study of inclusion/exclusion criteria. The primary outcome for the study was functional disability. Secondary outcomes including present pain intensity, pain medication usage, pain-related attitudes and behaviors, and spinal range of motion were measured before and after the interventions. Subjects had low back pain for 11.2+/-1.54 years and 48% used pain medication. Overall, subjects presented with less pain and lower functional disability than subjects in other published intervention studies for chronic low back pain. Of the 60 subjects enrolled, 42 (70%) completed the study. Multivariate analyses of outcomes in the categories of medical, functional, psychological and behavioral factors indicated that significant differences between groups existed in functional and medical outcomes but not for the psychological or behavioral outcomes. Univariate analyses of medical and functional outcomes revealed significant reductions in pain intensity (64%), functional disability (77%) and pain medication usage (88%) in the yoga group at the post and 3-month follow-up assessments. These preliminary data indicate that the majority of self-referred persons with mild chronic low back pain will comply to and report improvement on medical and functional pain-related outcomes from Iyengar yoga therapy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dept. Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA. kwilliams@hsc.wvu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15836974

Citation

Williams, Kimberly Anne, et al. "Effect of Iyengar Yoga Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain." Pain, vol. 115, no. 1-2, 2005, pp. 107-17.
Williams KA, Petronis J, Smith D, et al. Effect of Iyengar yoga therapy for chronic low back pain. Pain. 2005;115(1-2):107-17.
Williams, K. A., Petronis, J., Smith, D., Goodrich, D., Wu, J., Ravi, N., Doyle, E. J., Gregory Juckett, R., Munoz Kolar, M., Gross, R., & Steinberg, L. (2005). Effect of Iyengar yoga therapy for chronic low back pain. Pain, 115(1-2), 107-17.
Williams KA, et al. Effect of Iyengar Yoga Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain. Pain. 2005;115(1-2):107-17. PubMed PMID: 15836974.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Iyengar yoga therapy for chronic low back pain. AU - Williams,Kimberly Anne, AU - Petronis,John, AU - Smith,David, AU - Goodrich,David, AU - Wu,Juan, AU - Ravi,Neelima, AU - Doyle,Edward J,Jr AU - Gregory Juckett,R, AU - Munoz Kolar,Maria, AU - Gross,Richard, AU - Steinberg,Lois, PY - 2004/07/29/received PY - 2005/02/02/revised PY - 2005/02/14/accepted PY - 2005/4/20/pubmed PY - 2005/6/29/medline PY - 2005/4/20/entrez SP - 107 EP - 17 JF - Pain JO - Pain VL - 115 IS - 1-2 N2 - Low back pain is a significant public health problem and one of the most commonly reported reasons for the use of Complementary Alternative Medicine. A randomized control trial was conducted in subjects with non-specific chronic low back pain comparing Iyengar yoga therapy to an educational control group. Both programs were 16 weeks long. Subjects were primarily self-referred and screened by primary care physicians for study of inclusion/exclusion criteria. The primary outcome for the study was functional disability. Secondary outcomes including present pain intensity, pain medication usage, pain-related attitudes and behaviors, and spinal range of motion were measured before and after the interventions. Subjects had low back pain for 11.2+/-1.54 years and 48% used pain medication. Overall, subjects presented with less pain and lower functional disability than subjects in other published intervention studies for chronic low back pain. Of the 60 subjects enrolled, 42 (70%) completed the study. Multivariate analyses of outcomes in the categories of medical, functional, psychological and behavioral factors indicated that significant differences between groups existed in functional and medical outcomes but not for the psychological or behavioral outcomes. Univariate analyses of medical and functional outcomes revealed significant reductions in pain intensity (64%), functional disability (77%) and pain medication usage (88%) in the yoga group at the post and 3-month follow-up assessments. These preliminary data indicate that the majority of self-referred persons with mild chronic low back pain will comply to and report improvement on medical and functional pain-related outcomes from Iyengar yoga therapy. SN - 0304-3959 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15836974/Effect_of_Iyengar_yoga_therapy_for_chronic_low_back_pain_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-3959(05)00072-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -