[Evaluation of the efficacy of ligustrazine collaborated with magnesium sulfate in the treatment of pregnancy-induced hypertension in rats].Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2005 Feb; 38(1):45-53.SY
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of treatment of pregnancy--induced hypertension (PIH) in rats by Ligustrazine collaborated with magnesium sulfate. PIH rat models were induced with Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) infusing at 7 mg/kg per day via caudal vein for four days, then treated with Ligustrazine, magnesium sulfate, or both for three days. Rat blood pressure level was measured by the tail-cuff method, 24 hours urine protein was also assayed. The blood pressure and urine proteins of grouped PIH rats were recorded before the start and after the termination of therapy. The body length and the weight of fetal rats, the weight of placentals from pregnant rats were measured. The placental tissues, livers, kidneys of rats were investigated with integrated methods such as histopathologic observation with light microscopy, ultrastructural observation with transmission electron microscopy. L-NAME administration in pregnancy rats during the late pregnancy period had resulted in an rise of blood pressure, an increasing of urine protein, death rate of rat fetus, incidence of teratogenesis, and so on. Three groups of PIH rats treated with single magnesium sulfate, Ligustrazine, or Ligustrazine combined with magnesium sulfate showed an obvious dropping of the proteinuria, decompression of blood pressure (p<0.01, p<0.001), especially the treatment efficacy in the group of Ligustrazine combined with magnesium sulfate was more significant effective than other two groups (p<0.01, p<0.001). The treatment with both Ligustrazine and magnesium sulfate could increase the body length of newly born rats, the body weight of tomites and the placental weight, furthermore, reduce the rate of the teratosis of hindlimb-shortness (p<0.001). There were diffuse focal necrosis areas in the livers of PIH rats, their glomerular basement membrane had thickened extensively, the glomerular endothelium had swelled, extensive edema in the epithelia of renal tubule was demonstrated. The decidua and basal zone of the placentae of PIH rats all thickened, the microvilli of trophoblasts decreased. After treatment with ligustrazine especially with both Ligustrazine and magnesium sulfate, the necrosis of hepatocytes disappeared. The thickening of glomerular basement membrane in the group of ligustrazine or both Ligustrazine and magnesium sulfate treatment reduced; Moreover in the latter group the morphology of glomerular endothelium essentially recovered, the edema in cytoplasms of renal tubular epithelium reduced. The placental lesions were also relieved. The present results indicated the therapeutic effect by Ligustrazine collaborated with magnesium sulfate was better than a single use of Ligustrazine or magnesium sulfate. There were pathological alteration involved ischemia and anoxic in the placental tissues of PIH rats, resembled the placental pathological alteration of the human cases with PIH. The treatment with ligustrazine, and especially both Ligustrazine and magnesium sulfate in PIH rats could obviously relieve the lesions in lives, kidneys and placentae.