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Similarities and differences in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition (WISC-III) profiles: support for subtest analysis in clinical referrals.
Clin Neuropsychol. 2004 Dec; 18(4):559-72.CN

Abstract

Our study supports the reliability and validity of profile analysis in children with neurobiological disorders. Three mutually exclusive WISC-III profiles were identified that characterized the majority of children with autism (low coding or Freedom from Distractibility Index with low Comprehension), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability (low Coding or FDI without low comprehension), and brain injury (low Performance without low Coding or FDI). The profiles suggest attention, writing, and performance speed deficits in autism, ADHD, and LD; global visual-motor problems in brain injury; and specific difficulty with language comprehension and social reasoning in autism. Children with anxiety, depression, and behavior disorders did not exhibit distinct profiles. Our profile analysis is based on the simple rank ordering of standard scores. The profiles are clinically useful because they may alert clinicians to certain diagnostic possibilities, they reveal characteristic strengths and weaknesses that have implications for educational intervention, and they are consistent with preliminary WISC-IV data.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, The Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA. smayes@psu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15841957

Citation

Mayes, Susan Dickerson, and Susan L. Calhoun. "Similarities and Differences in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition (WISC-III) Profiles: Support for Subtest Analysis in Clinical Referrals." The Clinical Neuropsychologist, vol. 18, no. 4, 2004, pp. 559-72.
Mayes SD, Calhoun SL. Similarities and differences in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition (WISC-III) profiles: support for subtest analysis in clinical referrals. Clin Neuropsychol. 2004;18(4):559-72.
Mayes, S. D., & Calhoun, S. L. (2004). Similarities and differences in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition (WISC-III) profiles: support for subtest analysis in clinical referrals. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 18(4), 559-72.
Mayes SD, Calhoun SL. Similarities and Differences in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition (WISC-III) Profiles: Support for Subtest Analysis in Clinical Referrals. Clin Neuropsychol. 2004;18(4):559-72. PubMed PMID: 15841957.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Similarities and differences in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Third Edition (WISC-III) profiles: support for subtest analysis in clinical referrals. AU - Mayes,Susan Dickerson, AU - Calhoun,Susan L, PY - 2005/4/22/pubmed PY - 2005/6/1/medline PY - 2005/4/22/entrez SP - 559 EP - 72 JF - The Clinical neuropsychologist JO - Clin Neuropsychol VL - 18 IS - 4 N2 - Our study supports the reliability and validity of profile analysis in children with neurobiological disorders. Three mutually exclusive WISC-III profiles were identified that characterized the majority of children with autism (low coding or Freedom from Distractibility Index with low Comprehension), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability (low Coding or FDI without low comprehension), and brain injury (low Performance without low Coding or FDI). The profiles suggest attention, writing, and performance speed deficits in autism, ADHD, and LD; global visual-motor problems in brain injury; and specific difficulty with language comprehension and social reasoning in autism. Children with anxiety, depression, and behavior disorders did not exhibit distinct profiles. Our profile analysis is based on the simple rank ordering of standard scores. The profiles are clinically useful because they may alert clinicians to certain diagnostic possibilities, they reveal characteristic strengths and weaknesses that have implications for educational intervention, and they are consistent with preliminary WISC-IV data. SN - 1385-4046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15841957/Similarities_and_differences_in_Wechsler_Intelligence_Scale_for_Children__Third_Edition__WISC_III__profiles:_support_for_subtest_analysis_in_clinical_referrals_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854040490888530 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -