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Heart rate correlates of attachment status in young mothers and their infants.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005 May; 44(5):470-6.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore heart rate (HR) correlates of attachment behavior in young mothers and their infants to generate specific hypotheses and to provide pilot data on which studies to test those hypotheses might be based.

METHOD

Using the strange situation procedure, patterns of attachment were assessed in 41 low-income adolescent mothers and their infants. During the procedure, the HRs of the infants and mothers were recorded. The HR changes were analyzed and infant attachment group differences were examined.

RESULTS

Infants in all attachment groups demonstrated a similar HR response. There were, however, notably different behavioral reactions in the insecure groups: relatively increased behavioral distress in the insecure/resistant infants and relatively decreased behavioral distress in insecure-avoidant infants. Mothers of insecure-resistant infants demonstrated elevated HRs during reunions and the insecure/resistant dyads demonstrated lower consistency between HR changes in infant and mother than the secure dyads.

CONCLUSIONS

The results suggest the discrepancy between attachment-related behavioral reactions and HR response in insecurely attached infants. Maternal and dyadic HR changes vary between the attachment groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. Marina.Zelenko@kp.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15843769

Citation

Zelenko, Marina, et al. "Heart Rate Correlates of Attachment Status in Young Mothers and Their Infants." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 5, 2005, pp. 470-6.
Zelenko M, Kraemer H, Huffman L, et al. Heart rate correlates of attachment status in young mothers and their infants. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005;44(5):470-6.
Zelenko, M., Kraemer, H., Huffman, L., Gschwendt, M., Pageler, N., & Steiner, H. (2005). Heart rate correlates of attachment status in young mothers and their infants. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(5), 470-6.
Zelenko M, et al. Heart Rate Correlates of Attachment Status in Young Mothers and Their Infants. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005;44(5):470-6. PubMed PMID: 15843769.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Heart rate correlates of attachment status in young mothers and their infants. AU - Zelenko,Marina, AU - Kraemer,Helena, AU - Huffman,Lynne, AU - Gschwendt,Miriam, AU - Pageler,Natalie, AU - Steiner,Hans, PY - 2005/4/22/pubmed PY - 2005/6/15/medline PY - 2005/4/22/entrez SP - 470 EP - 6 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 44 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore heart rate (HR) correlates of attachment behavior in young mothers and their infants to generate specific hypotheses and to provide pilot data on which studies to test those hypotheses might be based. METHOD: Using the strange situation procedure, patterns of attachment were assessed in 41 low-income adolescent mothers and their infants. During the procedure, the HRs of the infants and mothers were recorded. The HR changes were analyzed and infant attachment group differences were examined. RESULTS: Infants in all attachment groups demonstrated a similar HR response. There were, however, notably different behavioral reactions in the insecure groups: relatively increased behavioral distress in the insecure/resistant infants and relatively decreased behavioral distress in insecure-avoidant infants. Mothers of insecure-resistant infants demonstrated elevated HRs during reunions and the insecure/resistant dyads demonstrated lower consistency between HR changes in infant and mother than the secure dyads. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest the discrepancy between attachment-related behavioral reactions and HR response in insecurely attached infants. Maternal and dyadic HR changes vary between the attachment groups. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15843769/Heart_rate_correlates_of_attachment_status_in_young_mothers_and_their_infants_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)61508-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -