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Inequalities in the prevalence of smoking in the European Union: comparing education and income.
Prev Med 2005; 40(6):756-64PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of the study was to determine whether education or income was more strongly related to smoking in the European Union at large, and within the individual countries of the EU, at the end of the 1990s.

METHODS

We related smoking prevalence to education and income level by analyzing cross-sectional data on a total of 48,694 men and 52,618 women aged 16 and over from 11 countries of the European Union in 1998.

RESULTS

Both education and income were related to smoking within the European Union at large. After adjustment of the other socioeconomic indicator, education remained related to smoking in the EU at large, but income only remained so among men. Educational inequalities were larger than income-related inequalities among younger and middle-aged men and women. Educational inequalities were larger than income-related inequalities among men in all individual countries, and among women in Northern Europe. For women from Southern European countries, the magnitude of education- and income-related inequalities was similar.

CONCLUSIONS

Education is a strong predictor of smoking in Europe. Interventions should aim to prevent addiction to smoking among the lower educated, by price policies, school-based programs, and smoking cessation support for young adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands. m.huisman@erasmusmc.nl

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15850876

Citation

Huisman, M, et al. "Inequalities in the Prevalence of Smoking in the European Union: Comparing Education and Income." Preventive Medicine, vol. 40, no. 6, 2005, pp. 756-64.
Huisman M, Kunst AE, Mackenbach JP. Inequalities in the prevalence of smoking in the European Union: comparing education and income. Prev Med. 2005;40(6):756-64.
Huisman, M., Kunst, A. E., & Mackenbach, J. P. (2005). Inequalities in the prevalence of smoking in the European Union: comparing education and income. Preventive Medicine, 40(6), pp. 756-64.
Huisman M, Kunst AE, Mackenbach JP. Inequalities in the Prevalence of Smoking in the European Union: Comparing Education and Income. Prev Med. 2005;40(6):756-64. PubMed PMID: 15850876.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Inequalities in the prevalence of smoking in the European Union: comparing education and income. AU - Huisman,M, AU - Kunst,A E, AU - Mackenbach,J P, PY - 2005/4/27/pubmed PY - 2005/9/7/medline PY - 2005/4/27/entrez SP - 756 EP - 64 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 40 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether education or income was more strongly related to smoking in the European Union at large, and within the individual countries of the EU, at the end of the 1990s. METHODS: We related smoking prevalence to education and income level by analyzing cross-sectional data on a total of 48,694 men and 52,618 women aged 16 and over from 11 countries of the European Union in 1998. RESULTS: Both education and income were related to smoking within the European Union at large. After adjustment of the other socioeconomic indicator, education remained related to smoking in the EU at large, but income only remained so among men. Educational inequalities were larger than income-related inequalities among younger and middle-aged men and women. Educational inequalities were larger than income-related inequalities among men in all individual countries, and among women in Northern Europe. For women from Southern European countries, the magnitude of education- and income-related inequalities was similar. CONCLUSIONS: Education is a strong predictor of smoking in Europe. Interventions should aim to prevent addiction to smoking among the lower educated, by price policies, school-based programs, and smoking cessation support for young adults. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15850876/Inequalities_in_the_prevalence_of_smoking_in_the_European_Union:_comparing_education_and_income_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(04)00471-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -