Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Trends in overweight and obesity from 1985 to 2002 in Göteborg, West Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study secular trends in overweight and selected correlates in men and women in Göteborg, Sweden.

DESIGN

Cross-sequential population-based surveys.

SUBJECTS

A total of 2931 female and 2691 male subjects aged 25-64 y participated in WHO MONICA surveys (1985, 1990, 1995) and the INTERGENE study (2002).

MEASUREMENTS

Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), prevalence of overweight (BMI> or =25 kg/m(2)), and obesity (BMI> or =30 kg/m(2)).

RESULTS

Mean body weight increased by 3.3 kg for women and 5 kg for men, with a significant upward trend for BMI in men but not women over the 17-y observation period. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased significantly in both sexes over the period. The largest increase was observed in men, and in women aged 25-34 y. In 2002, the prevalence of overweight was 38% in women and 58% in men, and the prevalence of obesity was 11% in women and 15% in men. No significant secular trends were observed for WHR, but there was an upward trend in prevalence of WHR>0.85 in women. A decreased prevalence of smoking in both sexes was observed together with an increase in reported leisure time physical activity. No significant secular trends were observed in rates of self-reported diabetes, although the risk of diabetes attributable to obesity was 24%.

CONCLUSION

The results indicate that 25-64-y-olds in the recent survey were more overweight and obese than earlier studied MONICA participants. The increase in BMI was more pronounced in men while abdominal obesity increased principally in women. Although obesity and overweight are clearly important risk factors for type 2 diabetes, the number of diabetics remains low and any secular increase is not yet apparent.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Home Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden. christina.berg@ped.gu.se

    , , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Body Mass Index
    Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
    Female
    Health Surveys
    Humans
    Logistic Models
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Prevalence
    Sex Distribution
    Sweden
    Time Factors
    Waist-Hip Ratio
    Weight Gain

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15852045

    Citation

    Berg, C, et al. "Trends in Overweight and Obesity From 1985 to 2002 in Göteborg, West Sweden." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 29, no. 8, 2005, pp. 916-24.
    Berg C, Rosengren A, Aires N, et al. Trends in overweight and obesity from 1985 to 2002 in Göteborg, West Sweden. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005;29(8):916-24.
    Berg, C., Rosengren, A., Aires, N., Lappas, G., Torén, K., Thelle, D., & Lissner, L. (2005). Trends in overweight and obesity from 1985 to 2002 in Göteborg, West Sweden. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 29(8), pp. 916-24.
    Berg C, et al. Trends in Overweight and Obesity From 1985 to 2002 in Göteborg, West Sweden. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005;29(8):916-24. PubMed PMID: 15852045.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in overweight and obesity from 1985 to 2002 in Göteborg, West Sweden. AU - Berg,C, AU - Rosengren,A, AU - Aires,N, AU - Lappas,G, AU - Torén,K, AU - Thelle,D, AU - Lissner,L, PY - 2005/4/27/pubmed PY - 2005/10/26/medline PY - 2005/4/27/entrez SP - 916 EP - 24 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 29 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study secular trends in overweight and selected correlates in men and women in Göteborg, Sweden. DESIGN: Cross-sequential population-based surveys. SUBJECTS: A total of 2931 female and 2691 male subjects aged 25-64 y participated in WHO MONICA surveys (1985, 1990, 1995) and the INTERGENE study (2002). MEASUREMENTS: Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), prevalence of overweight (BMI> or =25 kg/m(2)), and obesity (BMI> or =30 kg/m(2)). RESULTS: Mean body weight increased by 3.3 kg for women and 5 kg for men, with a significant upward trend for BMI in men but not women over the 17-y observation period. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased significantly in both sexes over the period. The largest increase was observed in men, and in women aged 25-34 y. In 2002, the prevalence of overweight was 38% in women and 58% in men, and the prevalence of obesity was 11% in women and 15% in men. No significant secular trends were observed for WHR, but there was an upward trend in prevalence of WHR>0.85 in women. A decreased prevalence of smoking in both sexes was observed together with an increase in reported leisure time physical activity. No significant secular trends were observed in rates of self-reported diabetes, although the risk of diabetes attributable to obesity was 24%. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that 25-64-y-olds in the recent survey were more overweight and obese than earlier studied MONICA participants. The increase in BMI was more pronounced in men while abdominal obesity increased principally in women. Although obesity and overweight are clearly important risk factors for type 2 diabetes, the number of diabetics remains low and any secular increase is not yet apparent. SN - 0307-0565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15852045/Trends_in_overweight_and_obesity_from_1985_to_2002_in_Göteborg_West_Sweden_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802964 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -