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Emotion-processing deficits in eating disorders.
Int J Eat Disord. 2005 May; 37(4):321-9.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

First, we measured both emotional awareness and alexithymia to understand better emotion-processing deficits in eating disorder patients (EDs). Second, we increased the reliability of the measures by limiting the influence of confounding factors (negative affects).

METHOD

Seventy females with eating disorders were compared with 70 female controls. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; depression), the Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS; anxiety), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS; alexithymia), and the Level of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS).

RESULTS

EDs exhibited higher alexithymia scores and lower LEAS scores, with an inability to identify and describe their own emotions, as well as an impairment in mentalizing others' emotional experience. Whereas alexithymia scores were related to depression scores, LEAS scores were not. After controlling for depression, alexithymia scores were similar in EDs and controls.

DISCUSSION

The marked impairment in emotion processing found in EDs is independent of affective disorders. Thus, the joint use of TAS and LEAS suggests a global emotion-processing deficit in EDs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France. sarah.bydlowski@free.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15856501

Citation

Bydlowski, Sarah, et al. "Emotion-processing Deficits in Eating Disorders." The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 37, no. 4, 2005, pp. 321-9.
Bydlowski S, Corcos M, Jeammet P, et al. Emotion-processing deficits in eating disorders. Int J Eat Disord. 2005;37(4):321-9.
Bydlowski, S., Corcos, M., Jeammet, P., Paterniti, S., Berthoz, S., Laurier, C., Chambry, J., & Consoli, S. M. (2005). Emotion-processing deficits in eating disorders. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 37(4), 321-9.
Bydlowski S, et al. Emotion-processing Deficits in Eating Disorders. Int J Eat Disord. 2005;37(4):321-9. PubMed PMID: 15856501.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotion-processing deficits in eating disorders. AU - Bydlowski,Sarah, AU - Corcos,Maurice, AU - Jeammet,Philippe, AU - Paterniti,Sabrina, AU - Berthoz,Sylvie, AU - Laurier,Catherine, AU - Chambry,Jean, AU - Consoli,Silla M, PY - 2005/4/28/pubmed PY - 2005/8/9/medline PY - 2005/4/28/entrez SP - 321 EP - 9 JF - The International journal of eating disorders JO - Int J Eat Disord VL - 37 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: First, we measured both emotional awareness and alexithymia to understand better emotion-processing deficits in eating disorder patients (EDs). Second, we increased the reliability of the measures by limiting the influence of confounding factors (negative affects). METHOD: Seventy females with eating disorders were compared with 70 female controls. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; depression), the Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS; anxiety), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS; alexithymia), and the Level of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS). RESULTS: EDs exhibited higher alexithymia scores and lower LEAS scores, with an inability to identify and describe their own emotions, as well as an impairment in mentalizing others' emotional experience. Whereas alexithymia scores were related to depression scores, LEAS scores were not. After controlling for depression, alexithymia scores were similar in EDs and controls. DISCUSSION: The marked impairment in emotion processing found in EDs is independent of affective disorders. Thus, the joint use of TAS and LEAS suggests a global emotion-processing deficit in EDs. SN - 0276-3478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15856501/Emotion_processing_deficits_in_eating_disorders_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.20132 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -