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The mediating effect of maternal nutrition knowledge on the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status in Lesotho.
Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Apr 15; 135(8):904-14.AJ

Abstract

The present study tested whether maternal nutrition knowledge was a mediating factor in the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status, and whether the mechanism involved differed according to socioeconomic status. The data were collected in Lesotho on 921 mother-child pairs and included scores from a nutrition knowledge test, socioeconomic and demographic information, and the child's anthropometric data. A wealth factor derived from a factor analysis was used to stratify the sample into two socioeconomic groups. Two-stage least-squares estimation was used to test the mediating role of nutrition knowledge between maternal schooling and child weight-for-age. Results showed that both the importance of maternal schooling and the mechanism by which it affects the child's weight-for-age are contingent upon the family's socioeconomic status. While maternal schooling was positively associated with weight-for-age for both wealthier and poorer households, the size of the effect was much larger for the latter group. The effect of maternal schooling on weight-for-age was mediated by the mother's nutrition knowledge only among wealthier households. These results imply that, in Lesotho, nutrition education for mothers could contribute to improving children's growth, but only in households that have access to a minimum level of resources. For poorer households, nutrition education would not be sufficient.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto de Nutrición de Centro America y Panama (INCAP), Guatemala, Guatemala.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1585903

Citation

Ruel, M T., et al. "The Mediating Effect of Maternal Nutrition Knowledge On the Association Between Maternal Schooling and Child Nutritional Status in Lesotho." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 135, no. 8, 1992, pp. 904-14.
Ruel MT, Habicht JP, Pinstrup-Andersen P, et al. The mediating effect of maternal nutrition knowledge on the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status in Lesotho. Am J Epidemiol. 1992;135(8):904-14.
Ruel, M. T., Habicht, J. P., Pinstrup-Andersen, P., & Gröhn, Y. (1992). The mediating effect of maternal nutrition knowledge on the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status in Lesotho. American Journal of Epidemiology, 135(8), 904-14.
Ruel MT, et al. The Mediating Effect of Maternal Nutrition Knowledge On the Association Between Maternal Schooling and Child Nutritional Status in Lesotho. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Apr 15;135(8):904-14. PubMed PMID: 1585903.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The mediating effect of maternal nutrition knowledge on the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status in Lesotho. AU - Ruel,M T, AU - Habicht,J P, AU - Pinstrup-Andersen,P, AU - Gröhn,Y, PY - 1992/4/15/pubmed PY - 1992/4/15/medline PY - 1992/4/15/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Biology KW - Body Weight--changes KW - Child KW - Child Development KW - Child Nutrition KW - Data Analysis KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Economic Factors KW - Educational Status--women KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Growth--determinants KW - Health KW - Knowledge KW - Lesotho KW - Maternal Nutrition KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Indexes KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Research Methodology KW - Socioeconomic Factors KW - Socioeconomic Status KW - Southern Africa KW - Youth SP - 904 EP - 14 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am J Epidemiol VL - 135 IS - 8 N2 - The present study tested whether maternal nutrition knowledge was a mediating factor in the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status, and whether the mechanism involved differed according to socioeconomic status. The data were collected in Lesotho on 921 mother-child pairs and included scores from a nutrition knowledge test, socioeconomic and demographic information, and the child's anthropometric data. A wealth factor derived from a factor analysis was used to stratify the sample into two socioeconomic groups. Two-stage least-squares estimation was used to test the mediating role of nutrition knowledge between maternal schooling and child weight-for-age. Results showed that both the importance of maternal schooling and the mechanism by which it affects the child's weight-for-age are contingent upon the family's socioeconomic status. While maternal schooling was positively associated with weight-for-age for both wealthier and poorer households, the size of the effect was much larger for the latter group. The effect of maternal schooling on weight-for-age was mediated by the mother's nutrition knowledge only among wealthier households. These results imply that, in Lesotho, nutrition education for mothers could contribute to improving children's growth, but only in households that have access to a minimum level of resources. For poorer households, nutrition education would not be sufficient. SN - 0002-9262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1585903/The_mediating_effect_of_maternal_nutrition_knowledge_on_the_association_between_maternal_schooling_and_child_nutritional_status_in_Lesotho_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116386 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -