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Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils.
Gac Sanit. 2005 Mar-Apr; 19(2):113-9.GS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was carried out using a representative sample (n = 1217) of the population of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Galiza (northwest Spain). Independent variables were measured through a questionnaire, and dependent variables were determined through oral examination. Multiple and logistic regression were applied.

RESULTS

The decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth/decayed, filled primary teeth (DMFT-dft) value in the sample was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67-1.98), the DMFT value was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.37-1.67), and the prevalence of caries was 61% (95% CI, 57.7-64.5). The prevalence of caries was directly related to a low frequency of brushing, greater use of toothpaste, and a higher consumption of sweets. The prevalence of caries was higher in rural than in urban areas. In contrast, the higher the mother's level of education and the greater the subject's knowledge of dental health, the lower the prevalence of caries.

CONCLUSIONS

The main goals of dental health programmes should be to achieve quality brushing every day in children, to reduce the consumption of sweets, and to increase knowledge of dental health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Spain. mrsmyth@usc.esNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15860159

Citation

Smyth, Ernesto, and Francisco Caamaño. "Factors Related to Dental Health in 12-year-old Children: a Cross-sectional Study in Pupils." Gaceta Sanitaria, vol. 19, no. 2, 2005, pp. 113-9.
Smyth E, Caamaño F. Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils. Gac Sanit. 2005;19(2):113-9.
Smyth, E., & Caamaño, F. (2005). Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils. Gaceta Sanitaria, 19(2), 113-9.
Smyth E, Caamaño F. Factors Related to Dental Health in 12-year-old Children: a Cross-sectional Study in Pupils. Gac Sanit. 2005 Mar-Apr;19(2):113-9. PubMed PMID: 15860159.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils. AU - Smyth,Ernesto, AU - Caamaño,Francisco, PY - 2005/4/30/pubmed PY - 2005/10/26/medline PY - 2005/4/30/entrez SP - 113 EP - 9 JF - Gaceta sanitaria JO - Gac Sanit VL - 19 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a representative sample (n = 1217) of the population of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Galiza (northwest Spain). Independent variables were measured through a questionnaire, and dependent variables were determined through oral examination. Multiple and logistic regression were applied. RESULTS: The decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth/decayed, filled primary teeth (DMFT-dft) value in the sample was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67-1.98), the DMFT value was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.37-1.67), and the prevalence of caries was 61% (95% CI, 57.7-64.5). The prevalence of caries was directly related to a low frequency of brushing, greater use of toothpaste, and a higher consumption of sweets. The prevalence of caries was higher in rural than in urban areas. In contrast, the higher the mother's level of education and the greater the subject's knowledge of dental health, the lower the prevalence of caries. CONCLUSIONS: The main goals of dental health programmes should be to achieve quality brushing every day in children, to reduce the consumption of sweets, and to increase knowledge of dental health. SN - 0213-9111 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15860159/Factors_related_to_dental_health_in_12_year_old_children:_a_cross_sectional_study_in_pupils_ L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/ivp/0213-9111/19/113 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -