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Body checking and avoidance and the core features of eating disorders among obese men and women seeking bariatric surgery.
Behav Res Ther. 2005 May; 43(5):629-37.BR

Abstract

This study examined two aspects of body checking and avoidance, and their relations to the core psychopathology of eating disorders (EDs), in severely obese men and women seeking bariatric surgery. A consecutive series of 260 (44 male and 216 female) gastric bypass candidates were administered measures to assess body checking and avoidance, binge eating, restraint, and overevaluation of weight and shape. The majority of patients reported regularly pinching areas of their body to check for fatness and avoided wearing clothing that made them particularly aware of their body. Significant associations were observed between checking and restraint, and between avoidance and binge eating. Both checking and avoidance behaviors were significantly associated with overevaluation of weight and shape. The positive associations between each of the two behaviors (body checking and avoidance) with overevaluation of weight/shape remained significant even after controlling for the effects of avoidance on body checking and vice versa. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that binge eating, body checking, and avoidance behaviors made significant unique contributions and jointly accounted for 22-25% of the variance in overevaluation of weight and shape, respectively. This study documents the presence of eating disorder psychopathology among severely obese patients seeking bariatric surgery. The findings support the view that body checking and avoidance behaviors are manifestations of overevaluation of weight and shape and disordered eating.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Yale Psychiatric Research, Yale University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 208098, 301 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. carlos.grilo@yale.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15865917

Citation

Grilo, Carlos M., et al. "Body Checking and Avoidance and the Core Features of Eating Disorders Among Obese Men and Women Seeking Bariatric Surgery." Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 43, no. 5, 2005, pp. 629-37.
Grilo CM, Reas DL, Brody ML, et al. Body checking and avoidance and the core features of eating disorders among obese men and women seeking bariatric surgery. Behav Res Ther. 2005;43(5):629-37.
Grilo, C. M., Reas, D. L., Brody, M. L., Burke-Martindale, C. H., Rothschild, B. S., & Masheb, R. M. (2005). Body checking and avoidance and the core features of eating disorders among obese men and women seeking bariatric surgery. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(5), 629-37.
Grilo CM, et al. Body Checking and Avoidance and the Core Features of Eating Disorders Among Obese Men and Women Seeking Bariatric Surgery. Behav Res Ther. 2005;43(5):629-37. PubMed PMID: 15865917.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Body checking and avoidance and the core features of eating disorders among obese men and women seeking bariatric surgery. AU - Grilo,Carlos M, AU - Reas,Deborah L, AU - Brody,Michelle L, AU - Burke-Martindale,Carolyn H, AU - Rothschild,Bruce S, AU - Masheb,Robin M, PY - 2004/01/01/received PY - 2004/05/11/revised PY - 2004/05/12/accepted PY - 2005/5/4/pubmed PY - 2005/10/14/medline PY - 2005/5/4/entrez SP - 629 EP - 37 JF - Behaviour research and therapy JO - Behav Res Ther VL - 43 IS - 5 N2 - This study examined two aspects of body checking and avoidance, and their relations to the core psychopathology of eating disorders (EDs), in severely obese men and women seeking bariatric surgery. A consecutive series of 260 (44 male and 216 female) gastric bypass candidates were administered measures to assess body checking and avoidance, binge eating, restraint, and overevaluation of weight and shape. The majority of patients reported regularly pinching areas of their body to check for fatness and avoided wearing clothing that made them particularly aware of their body. Significant associations were observed between checking and restraint, and between avoidance and binge eating. Both checking and avoidance behaviors were significantly associated with overevaluation of weight and shape. The positive associations between each of the two behaviors (body checking and avoidance) with overevaluation of weight/shape remained significant even after controlling for the effects of avoidance on body checking and vice versa. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that binge eating, body checking, and avoidance behaviors made significant unique contributions and jointly accounted for 22-25% of the variance in overevaluation of weight and shape, respectively. This study documents the presence of eating disorder psychopathology among severely obese patients seeking bariatric surgery. The findings support the view that body checking and avoidance behaviors are manifestations of overevaluation of weight and shape and disordered eating. SN - 0005-7967 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15865917/Body_checking_and_avoidance_and_the_core_features_of_eating_disorders_among_obese_men_and_women_seeking_bariatric_surgery_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0005-7967(04)00123-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -