Muscle coenzyme Q: a potential test for mitochondrial activity and redox status.Pediatr Neurol. 2005 May; 32(5):318-24.PN
The aim of this study is to determine whether coenzyme Q (CoQ) muscle concentrations and redox state are associated with pathologic changes in muscle biopsy specimens. Skeletal muscle biopsies were collected (January 2002-February 2004) and underwent pathologic evaluation. Quadriceps specimens (n = 47) were stratified accordingly: Group 1, controls without evidence of pathologic abnormalities; Group 2, type I myofiber predominance; Group 3, type II myofiber atrophy; Group 4, lower motor unit disease; and Group 5, muscular dystrophy. Ubiquinol-10, ubiquinone-10, total coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), coenzyme Q9 (CoQ9), total CoQ (CoQ9+CoQ10) concentrations were analyzed in biopsy muscle by high-performance liquid chromatography. Ubiquinone-10, total CoQ10, and total CoQ concentrations were significantly decreased in Group 5. Significant positive correlations (r congruent with 0.40) were found between muscle ubiquinone-10, total CoQ10, and total CoQ concentrations vs the percentage of myofibers having subsarcolemmal mitochondrial aggregates. CoQ redox ratio and the fraction CoQ9/total CoQ were negatively correlated with subsarcolemmal mitochondrial aggregates. A significant correlation (r = 0.328) also occurred between ubiquinol-10 concentration and citrate synthase activity. This study suggests that total CoQ concentration provides a new method for estimating mitochondrial activity in biopsy muscle; and that the muscle CoQ test is feasible and potentially useful for diagnosing CoQ deficiency states.