Cardiovascular training effect associated with polestriding exercise in patients with peripheral arterial disease.J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005 May-Jun; 20(3):177-85.JC
Because individuals with claudication pain secondary to peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are limited in both walking speed and duration, the benefits of walking exercise may be insufficient to yield a cardiovascular training effect. The objectives of this analysis were to determine whether polestriding exercise training, performed by persons with PAD, would improve exercise endurance, elicit a cardiovascular training benefit, and improve quality of life (QoL). Persons (n = 49) whose claudication pain limited their exercise capacity were randomized into a 24-week polestriding training program (n = 25, 65.8 +/- 7.1 years of age) or a nonexercise attention control group (n = 24, 68.0 +/- 8.6 years of age). Those assigned to the polestriding group trained 3 times weekly. Control group subjects came to the laboratory biweekly for ankle blood pressure measurements. A symptom-limited ramp treadmill test, ratings of perceived leg pain, and QoL data (using the Short Form-36) were obtained at baseline and upon completion of training. After 24 weeks of polestriding training, subjects increased their exercise endurance from 10.3 +/- 4.1 minute to 15.1 +/- 4.5 minute. This was significantly greater than control group subjects whose exercise endurance declined (from 11.2 +/- 4.7 to 10.3 +/- 4.7 minute; P < .001). Relationships between systolic blood pressure (P < .001), heart rate (P = .04), rate pressure product (P = .05), oxygen uptake (P = .016), and perceived leg pain (P = .02) and exercise time improved from the baseline symptom-limited treadmill test to the 6-month symptom-limited treadmill test in the polestriding group compared to the control group. The improvement in the physical component summary score of the Short Form-36 was also greater in the polestriding group (P = .031). Polestriding training significantly improved the clinical indicators of cardiovascular fitness and QoL, and decreased symptoms of claudication pain during exertion.