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Differential response of plasma and immune cell's vitamin E levels to physical activity and antioxidant vitamin supplementation.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jun; 59(6):781-8.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the differential response of plasma, lymphocyte and neutrophil vitamin E levels to high-intensity physical activity and to vitamin C and E supplementation.

SUBJECTS

In all, 14 male trained amateur runners (32-36 y old) were randomly divided in two groups (supplemented and placebo), and participated in a half marathon race. The subjects did not take any other supplements than the ones provided for this study.

INTERVENTION

Vitamin C (152 mg/day) and E (50 mg/day) supplementation was administrated to athletes for a month, using a new almond-based isotonic and energetic beverage (supplemented group). The usual dietary habits of participants were assessed using a self-reported 7-day 24-h recall before the day of the study. To avoid the beverage influence, nonenriched vitamin C and E almond-based isotonic and energetic beverage was given to the placebo group. After 1 month, subjects participated in a half marathon race (21 km run). Vitamin E concentration was determined in plasma, neutrophils and lymphocytes before and immediately after the race, and 3 h after finishing the race.

RESULTS

Daily energy intake and caloric profile of supplemented and placebo group were not different except for vitamin C and E supplementation. Vitamin supplementation and exercise had no effect on vitamins E levels in plasma. The exercise significantly (P<0.05) increased the lymphocyte vitamin E concentration both in the placebo (+119%) and supplemented groups (+128%), and neutrophil vitamin E content in the supplemented group (+88%). These levels remained significantly (P<0.05) high after the short recovery. After exercise, vitamin E levels in lymphocytes and neutrophils of supplemented subjects were practically twice the levels before exercise, whereas neutrophil vitamin E content of the placebo group was close to those in plasma.

CONCLUSION

After endurance exercise, lymphocytes increased their vitamin E content in the supplemented and placebo subjects whereas this trend in neutrophils was just observed in the supplemented group. The determination of vitamin E content in lymphocytes and neutrophils after exercise is a useful tool to assess the functional status of vitamin E.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, Laboratory of Physical Activity Sciences, Research Institute on Health Sciences (IUNICS), University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Palma de Mallorca, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15870820

Citation

Cases, N, et al. "Differential Response of Plasma and Immune Cell's Vitamin E Levels to Physical Activity and Antioxidant Vitamin Supplementation." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 6, 2005, pp. 781-8.
Cases N, Aguiló A, Tauler P, et al. Differential response of plasma and immune cell's vitamin E levels to physical activity and antioxidant vitamin supplementation. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(6):781-8.
Cases, N., Aguiló, A., Tauler, P., Sureda, A., Llompart, I., Pons, A., & Tur, J. A. (2005). Differential response of plasma and immune cell's vitamin E levels to physical activity and antioxidant vitamin supplementation. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(6), 781-8.
Cases N, et al. Differential Response of Plasma and Immune Cell's Vitamin E Levels to Physical Activity and Antioxidant Vitamin Supplementation. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(6):781-8. PubMed PMID: 15870820.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differential response of plasma and immune cell's vitamin E levels to physical activity and antioxidant vitamin supplementation. AU - Cases,N, AU - Aguiló,A, AU - Tauler,P, AU - Sureda,A, AU - Llompart,I, AU - Pons,A, AU - Tur,J A, PY - 2005/5/5/pubmed PY - 2005/9/30/medline PY - 2005/5/5/entrez SP - 781 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the differential response of plasma, lymphocyte and neutrophil vitamin E levels to high-intensity physical activity and to vitamin C and E supplementation. SUBJECTS: In all, 14 male trained amateur runners (32-36 y old) were randomly divided in two groups (supplemented and placebo), and participated in a half marathon race. The subjects did not take any other supplements than the ones provided for this study. INTERVENTION: Vitamin C (152 mg/day) and E (50 mg/day) supplementation was administrated to athletes for a month, using a new almond-based isotonic and energetic beverage (supplemented group). The usual dietary habits of participants were assessed using a self-reported 7-day 24-h recall before the day of the study. To avoid the beverage influence, nonenriched vitamin C and E almond-based isotonic and energetic beverage was given to the placebo group. After 1 month, subjects participated in a half marathon race (21 km run). Vitamin E concentration was determined in plasma, neutrophils and lymphocytes before and immediately after the race, and 3 h after finishing the race. RESULTS: Daily energy intake and caloric profile of supplemented and placebo group were not different except for vitamin C and E supplementation. Vitamin supplementation and exercise had no effect on vitamins E levels in plasma. The exercise significantly (P<0.05) increased the lymphocyte vitamin E concentration both in the placebo (+119%) and supplemented groups (+128%), and neutrophil vitamin E content in the supplemented group (+88%). These levels remained significantly (P<0.05) high after the short recovery. After exercise, vitamin E levels in lymphocytes and neutrophils of supplemented subjects were practically twice the levels before exercise, whereas neutrophil vitamin E content of the placebo group was close to those in plasma. CONCLUSION: After endurance exercise, lymphocytes increased their vitamin E content in the supplemented and placebo subjects whereas this trend in neutrophils was just observed in the supplemented group. The determination of vitamin E content in lymphocytes and neutrophils after exercise is a useful tool to assess the functional status of vitamin E. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15870820/Differential_response_of_plasma_and_immune_cell's_vitamin_E_levels_to_physical_activity_and_antioxidant_vitamin_supplementation_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602143 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -