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Phenolic composition and antioxidant activities in flesh and achenes of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa).
J Agric Food Chem. 2005 May 18; 53(10):4032-40.JA

Abstract

High performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array and coulometric array detectors were used to characterize and quantify phenolic compounds in achenes and flesh of ripe strawberries (cv Totem and Puget Reliance). Total phenolics and total monomeric anthocyanins were measured and antioxidant activities were evaluated by the FRAP and the ORAC assays. Strawberries contained 1% achenes on a fresh weight basis; however, they contributed to about 11% of total phenolics and 14% of antioxidant activities in strawberries. Ellagic acid, ellagic acid glycosides, and ellagitannins were the main contributors to the antioxidant activities of achenes. The major anthocyanin in flesh was pelargonidin-3-glucoside, whereas achenes consisted of nearly equal amounts of cyanidin-3-glucoside and pelargonidin-3-glucoside. Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of strawberry achenes were reduced by industrial processing. However, the levels were still high and strawberry waste byproduct could thus be a possible source of nutraceuticals or natural antioxidants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Matforsk AS, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Osloveien 1, N-1430 Aas, Norway. kjersti.aaby@matforsk.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15884835

Citation

Aaby, Kjersti, et al. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Activities in Flesh and Achenes of Strawberries (Fragaria Ananassa)." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 10, 2005, pp. 4032-40.
Aaby K, Skrede G, Wrolstad RE. Phenolic composition and antioxidant activities in flesh and achenes of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa). J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53(10):4032-40.
Aaby, K., Skrede, G., & Wrolstad, R. E. (2005). Phenolic composition and antioxidant activities in flesh and achenes of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(10), 4032-40.
Aaby K, Skrede G, Wrolstad RE. Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Activities in Flesh and Achenes of Strawberries (Fragaria Ananassa). J Agric Food Chem. 2005 May 18;53(10):4032-40. PubMed PMID: 15884835.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phenolic composition and antioxidant activities in flesh and achenes of strawberries (Fragaria ananassa). AU - Aaby,Kjersti, AU - Skrede,Grete, AU - Wrolstad,Ronald E, PY - 2005/5/12/pubmed PY - 2005/6/30/medline PY - 2005/5/12/entrez SP - 4032 EP - 40 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 53 IS - 10 N2 - High performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array and coulometric array detectors were used to characterize and quantify phenolic compounds in achenes and flesh of ripe strawberries (cv Totem and Puget Reliance). Total phenolics and total monomeric anthocyanins were measured and antioxidant activities were evaluated by the FRAP and the ORAC assays. Strawberries contained 1% achenes on a fresh weight basis; however, they contributed to about 11% of total phenolics and 14% of antioxidant activities in strawberries. Ellagic acid, ellagic acid glycosides, and ellagitannins were the main contributors to the antioxidant activities of achenes. The major anthocyanin in flesh was pelargonidin-3-glucoside, whereas achenes consisted of nearly equal amounts of cyanidin-3-glucoside and pelargonidin-3-glucoside. Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of strawberry achenes were reduced by industrial processing. However, the levels were still high and strawberry waste byproduct could thus be a possible source of nutraceuticals or natural antioxidants. SN - 0021-8561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15884835/Phenolic_composition_and_antioxidant_activities_in_flesh_and_achenes_of_strawberries__Fragaria_ananassa__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048001o DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -