Imprinting of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 enzyme activities and cytochrome P-450IIC11 by peripubertal administration of testosterone in female rats.Mol Pharmacol. 1992 May; 41(5):981-8.MP
The influence of peripubertal exposure to physiological doses of testosterone on the adult androgen responsiveness of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 was investigated. Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were sham-operated or gonadectomized before puberty, at 25 days of age. They were injected subcutaneously with testosterone enanthate (5 mumol/kg/day) during the pubertal time period, on days 35-49. Responsiveness to this same dose of testosterone was tested by administering the compound during adulthood, on days 81-89. The females provided a model that had not been exposed to neonatal androgen imprinting, in contrast to the males. Testosterone 2 alpha-hydroxylase activity and cytochrome P-450IIC11, which are normally expressed only in adult males, were expressed in the gonadectomized females administered testosterone during puberty with no further exposure to the hormone for the next 40 days. The levels found were similar to those in the gonadectomized male group. When the combined pubertal and adult testosterone regimen was used, a synergistic effect was produced; the 2 alpha-hydroxylase activity reached control male levels in both gonadectomized and sham-operated females and, in addition, cytochrome P-450IIC11 attained control male levels in the gonadectomized females. Testosterone 6 beta-hydroxylase and erythromycin N-demethylase activities were used as indicators of the cytochrome P-450IIIA subfamily. These activities were significantly increased only in the females treated with testosterone during both the pubertal and adult periods, reaching control male levels of 6 beta-hydroxylation. A similar effect, but in the opposite direction, was found with testosterone 7 alpha-hydroxylase, an enzyme activity indicative of cytochrome P-450IIA1. A decrease in this enzyme was produced in the females administered testosterone during both time periods, resulting in levels equivalent to those found in control males. In general, a highly significant interaction was found between the pubertal and adult treatment periods for the females, indicating a chronic effect of the pubertal exposure. The experiments with castrated males did not result in synergistic interactions, although there was some evidence of an additive effect. The results of this study support the hypothesis that the peripubertal period is a time during which testosterone imprinting of both increased basal levels and adult androgen responsiveness of some hepatic cytochrome P-450 enzymes can occur in the female rat.