HIV-dementia, Tat-induced oxidative stress, and antioxidant therapeutic considerations.Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 2005 Dec 01; 50(1):14-26.BR
Oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the onset of dementia. HIV-dementia has recently been demonstrated to be associated with oxidative stress as indexed by increased protein and lipid peroxidation in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid compared to HIV non-demented patients. The HIV protein Tat induces neurotoxicity, and, more recently, Tat was found to induce oxidative stress directly and indirectly. The role of Tat in HIV-dementia and possible therapeutic strategies involving endogenous and exogenous antioxidants are discussed.