Up-regulated phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 and cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein by peripheral inflammation in primary afferent neurons possibly through oncostatin M receptor.Neuroscience. 2005; 133(3):797-806.N
Oncostatin M (OSM), a member of interleukin-6 family cytokines, contributes to the development of nociceptive sensory neurons. However, little is known about the role of OSM in dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) of adult mice after peripheral inflammation. In the present study, we showed that OSM mRNA was highly expressed in the inflamed skin during acute inflammation induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), while the expression of oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) did not change in the ipsilateral DRG. Although peripheral inflammation induced significant increases in the number of neurons with phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) and phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-p38) in ipsilateral DRGs, OSMR-positive neurons exhibited neither p-ERK nor p-p38. In addition, we found significant increases in the number of neurons with phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) and phosphorylated cAMP-responsive element binding protein (p-CREB) in the ipsilateral DRGs. Interestingly, OSMR-positive neurons with p-STAT3 and p-CREB were significantly increased after peripheral inflammation. Thus, our results suggest that acute inflammation induce the phosphorylations of several signal molecules, including ERK, p38, cAMP-responsive element binding protein, and STAT3. Among them, the up-regulation of p-STAT3 and p-CREB may be induced possibly through OSMR.