Open-label evaluation of azelastine nasal spray in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and nonallergic vasomotor rhinitis.Curr Med Res Opin. 2005 Apr; 21(4):611-8.CM
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of azelastine (Astelin) nasal spray, a topical second-generation antihistamine, in the treatment of symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis, seasonal allergic rhinitis with nonallergic triggers (mixed rhinitis), and nonallergic vasomotor rhinitis.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
A total of 2343 primary care physicians, allergists, ENT specialists, and other health professionals participated in this 2-week, open-label evaluation of azelastine nasal spray. Data were collected through a physician questionnaire that included patient demographics, rhinitis diagnosis, medication history, and inclusion/exclusion criteria; and two patient questionnaires that included symptom history, response to previous rhinitis medications, symptom control, and level of satisfaction with azelastine nasal spray. A completed physician questionnaire and two completed patient questionnaires were required for each patient to be included in the analysis. Patients who qualified for enrollment were given open-label azelastine nasal spray and instructed to administer 2 sprays per nostril twice daily for 2 weeks.
A total of 1225 health professionals enrolled 7864 patients into the study. Completed physician and patient questionnaires were returned by 1081 health professionals and 5073 patients, 4364 of whom used azelastine nasal spray as their only rhinitis medication during the 2-week study period. The patients were predominantly caucasian (82.6%) and female (61.1%), with a mean age of 50 years. The majority had a diagnosis of mixed rhinitis (51.5%), followed by seasonal allergic rhinitis (32.3%), and nonallergic (vasomotor) rhinitis (16.2%). After 2 weeks of treatment, the percentage of patients reporting some control or complete control of individual symptoms ranged from 78% for postnasal drip in patients with nonallergic vasomotor rhinitis to 90% for sneezing in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. More than 85% of patients who reported difficulty sleeping or impairment of daytime activities due to rhinitis symptoms had improvement in these parameters. Azelastine nasal spray was well tolerated, the discontinuation rate due to adverse events was 2.3%.
Azelastine nasal spray was reported to control all rhinitis symptoms, including nasal congestion, regardless of rhinitis diagnosis during the 2-week study period. Patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis plus nonallergic triggers were identified as patient types most likely to respond to azelastine nasal spray.