Comparison of the localization of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A delta-endotoxins and their binding proteins in larval midgut of tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta.Cell Tissue Res. 2005 Jul; 321(1):123-9.CT
Tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, is a model insect for studying the action of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry toxins on lepidopterans. The proteins, which bind Bt toxins to midgut epithelial cells, are key factors involved in the insecticidal functions of the toxins. Three Cry1A-binding proteins, viz., aminopeptidase N (APN), the cadherin-like Bt-R1, and membrane-type alkaline phosphatase (m-ALP), were localized, by immunohistochemistry, in sections from the anterior, middle, and posterior regions of the midgut from second instar M. sexta larvae. Both APN and m-ALP were distributed predominantly along microvilli in the posterior region and to a lesser extent on the apical tip of microvilli in the anterior and middle regions. Bt-R1 was localized at the base of microvilli in the anterior region, over the entire microvilli in the middle region, and at both the apex and base of microvilli in the posterior region. The localization of rhodamine-labeled Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, and Cry1Ac binding was determined on sections from the same midgut regions. Cry1Aa and Cry1Ab bound to the apical tip of microvilli almost equally in all midgut regions. Binding of Cry1Ac was much stronger in the posterior region than in the anterior and middle regions. Thus, binding sites for Bt proteins and Cry1A toxins are co-localized on the microvilli of M. sexta midgut epithelial cells.