Analysis of the beta-oxidation of trans-unsaturated fatty acid in recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing a peroxisomal PHA synthase reveals the involvement of a reductase-dependent pathway.Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 May 15; 1734(2):169-77.BB
The degradation of fatty acids having cis- or trans-unsaturated bond at an even carbon was analyzed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by monitoring polyhydroxyalkanoate production in the peroxisome. Polyhydroxyalkanaote is synthesized by the polymerization of the beta-oxidation intermediates 3-hydroxy-acyl-CoAs via a bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase targeted to the peroxisome. The synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate in cells grown in media containing 10-cis-heptadecenoic acid was dependent on the presence of 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase activity as well as on Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase activity. The synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate from 10-trans-heptadecenoic acid in mutants devoid of 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase revealed degradation of the trans fatty acid directly via the enoyl-CoA hydratase II activity of the multifunctional enzyme (MFE), although the level of polyhydroxyalkanoate was 10-25% to that of wild type cells. Polyhydroxyalkanoate produced from 10-trans-heptadecenoic acid in wild type cells showed substantial carbon flux through both a reductase-dependent and a direct MFE-dependent pathway. Flux through beta-oxidation was more severely reduced in mutants devoid of Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase compared to mutants devoid of 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase. It is concluded that the intermediate 2-trans,4-trans-dienoyl-CoA is metabolized in vivo in yeast by both the enoyl-CoA hydratase II activity of the multifunctional protein and the 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase, and that the synthesis of the intermediate 3-trans-enoyl-CoA in the absence of the Delta3,Delta2-enoyl-CoA isomerase leads to the blockage of the direct MFE-dependent pathway in vivo.