[Development of the partenitae infrapopulation of Echinostoma caproni (Digenea: Echinostomatidae)].Parazitologiia. 2005 Mar-Apr; 39(2):124-36.P
The first generation of Echinostoma caproni partenitae is represented maternal sporocysts developing in the cardium of the Biomphalaria mollusk. During all their life, they produce rediae of maternal generation. Rediae of Echinostoma caproni of all generations are similar. The first generation consists of maternal rediae forming only redoid embryos. Due to this process, the number of partenitae increases very fast. The next generations are represented by daughter rediae. In the beginning of their life they produce redoid embryos but later begin forming cercariae. The number of rediae produced before this shift of production depends on the population density. Further, the partenitae retain their potential ability to form rediae but realize it in exceptional cases. Generative organs of all generations are germinal masses. Proliferation of generative elements and beginning stages of redia and cercaria development take place within these masses. The infrapopulation of E. caproni belongs to the "prolonged type", because it is a complete microhemipopulations; its existence is limited by a lifespan of the mollusk host.