Limited value of perineural invasion in radical prostatectomy specimens as a predictor of biochemical recurrence in Japanese men with clinically localized prostate cancer.Hinyokika Kiyo. 2005 Apr; 51(4):241-6.HK
The objective of this study was to determine whether the presence of perineural invasion (PNI) in radical prostatectomy specimens could be a useful prognostic parameter in Japanese men with prostate cancer. Between January 1995 and September 2003, 202 Japanese men underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy for prostate cancer without any neoadjuvant therapies prior to surgery. We retrospectively analyzed the relationship between PNI in radical prostatectomy specimens and other prognostic factors, and also assessed the significance of PNI in biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. The presence of PNI was significantly related to clinical stage, pathological stage, Gleason score, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node metastasis and tumor volume, but not pretreatment serum prostate specific antigen value. During the observation period, biochemical recurrence occurred in 20 patients (3 in patients without PNI and 17 in those with PNI), and the biochemical recurrence-free survival rate in patients with PNI was significantly lower than that in patients without PNI. In addition to-PNI, pathological stage, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node metastasis and tumor volume were significantly associated with the biochemical recurrence-free survival rate; however, among these five factors, only seminal vesicle invasion was an independent predictor of biochemical recurrence on multivariate analysis. Despite a significant association between several prognostic parameters, PNI was not an independent predictor of biochemical recurrence; therefore, it may not provide an additive effect to consider the presence of PNI in predicting the prognosis of Japanese men who underwent radical prostatectomy if there are other conventional parameters available.