Synthesis and antitumor activity of the hexacyclic camptothecin derivatives.Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2005 Jul 01; 15(13):3233-6.BM
A series of hexacyclic camptothecin derivatives were synthesized to test for antitumor activity as topoisomerase I inhibitor. The strategy of synthesis was used for the formation of additional furan and dihydrofuran rings fused with 9- and 10-positions of camptothecin. All of the hexacyclic camptothecins were assayed for cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines, HL60, BEL-7402, HCT-116, and HeLa, and showed very impressive cytotoxicity activity in vitro. Enzyme activity of the hexacyclic camptothecins was evaluated, being equal or superior to that of SN-38. The stability of four compounds was assessed in human plasma. Two of these compounds were chosen to test for antitumor activity in vivo against Sarcoma-180. The results suggested that additional furan and dihydrofuran rings could improve the antitumor activity in vitro and vivo, though the stability of the lactone ring did not increase.