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Studies of tyrosine phosphorylation and Src family tyrosine kinases in the lens epithelium.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jun; 46(6):2076-81.IO

Abstract

PURPOSE

Tyrosine phosphorylation regulates many aspects of cell function; thus, cells that have different roles often display different patterns of tyrosine phosphorylation. Because there is interest in differential function of the anterior and equatorial regions of the lens epithelium, studies were conducted to compare tyrosine phosphorylation in the two zones.

METHODS

Anterior and equatorial regions of the porcine lens epithelium were collected. Using Western blot analysis, tissue homogenates were probed for tyrosine kinase proteins, phospho-Src, phosphotyrosine, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA).

RESULTS

Phosphotyrosine immunoblots revealed a marked difference between the pattern of tyrosine phosphorylation in anterior and equatorial regions of the epithelium. Many more bands were detected in the equatorial region, and band density was greater. The abundance of total and active Src family kinases was higher at the equator than at the anterior epithelium. Src kinase activity, which was measured directly by quantifying phosphorylation of a synthetic target peptide using (32)P-gamma-ATP, was detectable only at the equator. In organ-cultured lenses, PP2, a specific inhibitor of the Src kinase family, reduced the density of the phosphotyrosine protein bands. The abundance of PCNA, a protein expressed in proliferating cells, also was reduced in PP2-treated lenses.

CONCLUSIONS

The results suggest that the higher Src family kinase activity at the equator contributes to the higher degree of protein phosphorylation observed in this region. The ability of PP2 to suppress PCNA expression suggests a possible link between the activity of Src family kinases and cell proliferation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Louisville, School of Medicine, KY 40202, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15914626

Citation

Tamiya, Shigeo, and Nicholas A. Delamere. "Studies of Tyrosine Phosphorylation and Src Family Tyrosine Kinases in the Lens Epithelium." Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 46, no. 6, 2005, pp. 2076-81.
Tamiya S, Delamere NA. Studies of tyrosine phosphorylation and Src family tyrosine kinases in the lens epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005;46(6):2076-81.
Tamiya, S., & Delamere, N. A. (2005). Studies of tyrosine phosphorylation and Src family tyrosine kinases in the lens epithelium. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 46(6), 2076-81.
Tamiya S, Delamere NA. Studies of Tyrosine Phosphorylation and Src Family Tyrosine Kinases in the Lens Epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005;46(6):2076-81. PubMed PMID: 15914626.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Studies of tyrosine phosphorylation and Src family tyrosine kinases in the lens epithelium. AU - Tamiya,Shigeo, AU - Delamere,Nicholas A, PY - 2005/5/26/pubmed PY - 2005/7/22/medline PY - 2005/5/26/entrez SP - 2076 EP - 81 JF - Investigative ophthalmology & visual science JO - Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci VL - 46 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: Tyrosine phosphorylation regulates many aspects of cell function; thus, cells that have different roles often display different patterns of tyrosine phosphorylation. Because there is interest in differential function of the anterior and equatorial regions of the lens epithelium, studies were conducted to compare tyrosine phosphorylation in the two zones. METHODS: Anterior and equatorial regions of the porcine lens epithelium were collected. Using Western blot analysis, tissue homogenates were probed for tyrosine kinase proteins, phospho-Src, phosphotyrosine, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). RESULTS: Phosphotyrosine immunoblots revealed a marked difference between the pattern of tyrosine phosphorylation in anterior and equatorial regions of the epithelium. Many more bands were detected in the equatorial region, and band density was greater. The abundance of total and active Src family kinases was higher at the equator than at the anterior epithelium. Src kinase activity, which was measured directly by quantifying phosphorylation of a synthetic target peptide using (32)P-gamma-ATP, was detectable only at the equator. In organ-cultured lenses, PP2, a specific inhibitor of the Src kinase family, reduced the density of the phosphotyrosine protein bands. The abundance of PCNA, a protein expressed in proliferating cells, also was reduced in PP2-treated lenses. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the higher Src family kinase activity at the equator contributes to the higher degree of protein phosphorylation observed in this region. The ability of PP2 to suppress PCNA expression suggests a possible link between the activity of Src family kinases and cell proliferation. SN - 0146-0404 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15914626/Studies_of_tyrosine_phosphorylation_and_Src_family_tyrosine_kinases_in_the_lens_epithelium_ L2 - https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1167/iovs.04-1199 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -