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Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan.

Abstract

Our objective was to estimate the prevalence and evaluate factors associated with smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in three towns in Karachi, namely, Gadap Town, Bin-Qasim Town and Malir Town, from January through May 2003. Two-stage cluster sampling stratified by school type was employed to select schools and students. We recruited and interviewed 772 male students regarding socio-demographic factors, smoking history of students, their families/friends, number of siblings, and place of residence. The prevalence of smoking (30 days) among adolescents was 13.7%. Final multiple logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, ethnicity, and place of residence, being a student at a government school (OR=1.6; 95% Cl: 1.0-2.7), parental smoking (OR = 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.1-2.8), uncle smoking (OR = 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.2-2.8), peer smoking (OR = 6.2; 95% Cl: 3.9-9.9), and spending leisure time outside home (OR = 3.9; 95% Cl 1.2-13.2) were significantly associated with adolescent smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi-74800, Pakistan. shafquat.rozi@aku.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15916062

Citation

Rozi, Shafquat, et al. "Prevalence and Factors Associated With Current Smoking Among High School Adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan." The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 36, no. 2, 2005, pp. 498-504.
Rozi S, Akhtar S, Ali S, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2005;36(2):498-504.
Rozi, S., Akhtar, S., Ali, S., & Khan, J. (2005). Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 36(2), pp. 498-504.
Rozi S, et al. Prevalence and Factors Associated With Current Smoking Among High School Adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2005;36(2):498-504. PubMed PMID: 15916062.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. AU - Rozi,Shafquat, AU - Akhtar,Saeed, AU - Ali,Sajid, AU - Khan,Javaid, PY - 2005/5/27/pubmed PY - 2005/6/25/medline PY - 2005/5/27/entrez SP - 498 EP - 504 JF - The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health JO - Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health VL - 36 IS - 2 N2 - Our objective was to estimate the prevalence and evaluate factors associated with smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in three towns in Karachi, namely, Gadap Town, Bin-Qasim Town and Malir Town, from January through May 2003. Two-stage cluster sampling stratified by school type was employed to select schools and students. We recruited and interviewed 772 male students regarding socio-demographic factors, smoking history of students, their families/friends, number of siblings, and place of residence. The prevalence of smoking (30 days) among adolescents was 13.7%. Final multiple logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, ethnicity, and place of residence, being a student at a government school (OR=1.6; 95% Cl: 1.0-2.7), parental smoking (OR = 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.1-2.8), uncle smoking (OR = 1.7; 95% Cl: 1.2-2.8), peer smoking (OR = 6.2; 95% Cl: 3.9-9.9), and spending leisure time outside home (OR = 3.9; 95% Cl 1.2-13.2) were significantly associated with adolescent smoking. SN - 0125-1562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15916062/Prevalence_and_factors_associated_with_current_smoking_among_high_school_adolescents_in_Karachi_Pakistan_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/smokingandyouth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -