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Burden of disease associated with overweight and obesity among U.S. military retirees and their dependents, aged 38-64, 2003.
Prev Med 2005; 41(1):63-9PM

Abstract

PURPOSE

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in the general US population and in beneficiaries of the Department of Defense (DoD) Military Healthcare System. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and correlation of overweight, obesity and associated co-morbidities in the DoD beneficiary population.

METHODS

A cross-sectional analysis was preformed on data from the DoD's 2003 Population Health Survey. Prevalence odds ratios (POR) were used to describe the association between overweight and obesity categories and prevalence of co-morbidities.

RESULTS

Eighty percent of men and 60% of women were overweight or obese and 33% of men and 29% of women were obese. The PORs increased in magnitude corresponding to increasing BMI categories for all co-morbidities. The percent of individuals reporting between 2 and 4 co-morbidities also increased with increasing weight class.

CONCLUSIONS

Overweight, obesity and associated co-morbidities are prevalent among DoD beneficiaries. Overweight and obese individuals have an increased prevalence of co-morbidities compared to normal weight individuals. Twenty plus years of active duty in the military does not confer any long-term protection against overweight, obesity or the associated co-morbidities. The DoD should emphasize prevention in order to reduce healthcare costs and the disease burden in this cohort.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Health Care Management Studies, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Health Affairs (OASD (HA)), TRICARE Management Activity (TMA), 5111 Leesburg Pike, Suite 810, Falls Church, VA 22041-3206, USA. amii.kress@tma.osd.milNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15916994

Citation

Kress, Amii M., et al. "Burden of Disease Associated With Overweight and Obesity Among U.S. Military Retirees and Their Dependents, Aged 38-64, 2003." Preventive Medicine, vol. 41, no. 1, 2005, pp. 63-9.
Kress AM, Hartzel MC, Peterson MR. Burden of disease associated with overweight and obesity among U.S. military retirees and their dependents, aged 38-64, 2003. Prev Med. 2005;41(1):63-9.
Kress, A. M., Hartzel, M. C., & Peterson, M. R. (2005). Burden of disease associated with overweight and obesity among U.S. military retirees and their dependents, aged 38-64, 2003. Preventive Medicine, 41(1), pp. 63-9.
Kress AM, Hartzel MC, Peterson MR. Burden of Disease Associated With Overweight and Obesity Among U.S. Military Retirees and Their Dependents, Aged 38-64, 2003. Prev Med. 2005;41(1):63-9. PubMed PMID: 15916994.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Burden of disease associated with overweight and obesity among U.S. military retirees and their dependents, aged 38-64, 2003. AU - Kress,Amii M, AU - Hartzel,Michael C, AU - Peterson,Michael R, Y1 - 2004/11/19/ PY - 2004/06/24/received PY - 2004/09/20/revised PY - 2004/10/19/accepted PY - 2005/5/27/pubmed PY - 2005/10/29/medline PY - 2005/5/27/entrez SP - 63 EP - 9 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 41 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in the general US population and in beneficiaries of the Department of Defense (DoD) Military Healthcare System. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and correlation of overweight, obesity and associated co-morbidities in the DoD beneficiary population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was preformed on data from the DoD's 2003 Population Health Survey. Prevalence odds ratios (POR) were used to describe the association between overweight and obesity categories and prevalence of co-morbidities. RESULTS: Eighty percent of men and 60% of women were overweight or obese and 33% of men and 29% of women were obese. The PORs increased in magnitude corresponding to increasing BMI categories for all co-morbidities. The percent of individuals reporting between 2 and 4 co-morbidities also increased with increasing weight class. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight, obesity and associated co-morbidities are prevalent among DoD beneficiaries. Overweight and obese individuals have an increased prevalence of co-morbidities compared to normal weight individuals. Twenty plus years of active duty in the military does not confer any long-term protection against overweight, obesity or the associated co-morbidities. The DoD should emphasize prevention in order to reduce healthcare costs and the disease burden in this cohort. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15916994/Burden_of_disease_associated_with_overweight_and_obesity_among_U_S__military_retirees_and_their_dependents_aged_38_64_2003_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(04)00538-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -