Pseudoguanolide sesquiterpene lactones from Vernoniopsis caudata and their in vitro antiplasmodial activities.J Nat Prod. 2005 May; 68(5):800-3.JN
Two new helenanolide sesquiterpene lactones, 1 and 2, as well as one known related structure, 11alpha,13-dihydrohelenalin-[2-(1-hydroxyethyl)acrylate] (3), together with 4'-beta-d-O-glucopyranosyl-luteolin and ethyl 2,5-dihydroxycinnamate were isolated from an ethyl acetate extract of leaves of Vernoniopsis caudatawith potent antiplasmodial activity (IC50 1.6 microg/mL) in a preliminary biological screen. The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic techniques. The three sesquiterpene lactones 1-3 displayed strong in vitro antiplasmodial activity, with IC50 values of 1, 0.19, and 0.41 microM, respectively. However, these compounds also exhibited considerable cytotoxicity on KB cells (IC50 < 1 microM in each case).