Prenylated anthronoid antioxidants from the stem bark of Harungana madagascariensis.Phytochemistry. 2005 May; 66(10):1174-9.P
Two new prenylated anthronoids, harunmadagascarins A and B, were isolated from the stem bark of Harungana madagascariensis along with six known compounds including two anthronoids: harunganol B and harungin anthrone, one benzophenone: methyl 3-formyl-2,4-dihydroxy-6-methyl benzoate and three pentacyclic triterpenes: friedelin, lupeol and betulinic acid. Harunmadagascarins A and B were characterized as 8,9-dihydroxy-4,4-bis-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-6-methyl-2,3-(2,2-dimethylpyrano)anthrone and 8,9-dihydroxy-4,4,5-tris-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-6-methyl-2,3-(2,2-dimethylpyrano)anthrone, respectively. The structures of these secondary metabolites were determined by spectroscopic means and comparison with the published data. Methyl 3-formyl-2,4-dihydroxy-6-methyl benzoate was isolated for the first time from a plant. Harunmadagascarins A and B, harunganol B and harungin anthrone exhibited significant antioxidant activity.