Photocatalytic oxidation of sulfamethazine.Chemosphere. 2005 Jul; 60(3):372-80.C
The photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethazine (SMT), a sulfonamide drug, has been investigated in aqueous heterogeneous solutions containing n-type oxide semiconductors as photocatalysts. The disappearance of the organic molecule follows approximately a pseudo-first-order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. It was observed that, with TiO2 P-25 and ZnO as photocatalysts, quantitative degradation of the organic molecule occurs after 4 h. During this time the desulfurization of the substrate is complete, while only 30% of the nitrogen in the organic compound was recovered in the form of nitrate and ammonium ions, indicating that various other nitrogen-containing organic compounds remain in the solution. The addition of H2O2 leads, in the case of TiO2 P-25, to a twofold increase on the reaction rate, while a negative effect has been observed in the presence of ZnO. The initial apparent photonic efficiency (zeta0) of the photooxidation and the mineralization under various experimental conditions have been calculated.