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Indoor air pollution as a risk factor for lung cancer in women.
J Assoc Physicians India 2005; 53:190-2JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Tobacco smoking is the most common risk factor for lung cancer. But a significant proportion of lung cancer occurs in non-smokers. Indoor pollution due to domestic fuels has been recently implicated as a causative agent in lung cancer especially in women. We conducted a case control study to find out the role of indoor air pollution due to domestic cooking fuels in Indian women.

METHODS

In a case control study 67 women with proven lung cancer were recruited. Forty-six females having a non-malignant respiratory disease constituted the control group. The patients and controls were asked about the exposure in various cooking fuels using a questionnaire.

RESULT

There were 50 (74.6%) non-smokers and 17 (25.4%) smokers among the female cancer cases (p = 0.016). Adenocarcinoma was the commonest histological type of malignancy (n = 26, 38.8%) in the whole group and was the predominant form in the nonsmoking females. Tobacco smoking was the most important risk factor for lung cancer with OR of 4.87 (95% CI 1.34-17.76). Among non-smokers out of all the cooking fuels the risk of development of lung cancer was highest for biomass fuel exposure with an odds ratio of 5.33 (95% CI 1.7-16.7). Use of mixed fuels was associated with a lesser risk (OR = 3.04, 95% CI 1.1-8.38).). In multivariate logistic regression analysis biomass fuel exposure was still significant with OR of 3.59 (95% CI 1.07-11.97) even after adjusting for smoking and passive smoking.

CONCLUSION

This study indicated that biomass fuel exposure is an important risk factor in the causation of lung cancer among women in addition of exposure to tobacco smoke.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15926600

Citation

Behera, D, and T Balamugesh. "Indoor Air Pollution as a Risk Factor for Lung Cancer in Women." The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, vol. 53, 2005, pp. 190-2.
Behera D, Balamugesh T. Indoor air pollution as a risk factor for lung cancer in women. J Assoc Physicians India. 2005;53:190-2.
Behera, D., & Balamugesh, T. (2005). Indoor air pollution as a risk factor for lung cancer in women. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 53, pp. 190-2.
Behera D, Balamugesh T. Indoor Air Pollution as a Risk Factor for Lung Cancer in Women. J Assoc Physicians India. 2005;53:190-2. PubMed PMID: 15926600.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Indoor air pollution as a risk factor for lung cancer in women. AU - Behera,D, AU - Balamugesh,T, PY - 2005/6/2/pubmed PY - 2005/6/15/medline PY - 2005/6/2/entrez SP - 190 EP - 2 JF - The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India JO - J Assoc Physicians India VL - 53 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking is the most common risk factor for lung cancer. But a significant proportion of lung cancer occurs in non-smokers. Indoor pollution due to domestic fuels has been recently implicated as a causative agent in lung cancer especially in women. We conducted a case control study to find out the role of indoor air pollution due to domestic cooking fuels in Indian women. METHODS: In a case control study 67 women with proven lung cancer were recruited. Forty-six females having a non-malignant respiratory disease constituted the control group. The patients and controls were asked about the exposure in various cooking fuels using a questionnaire. RESULT: There were 50 (74.6%) non-smokers and 17 (25.4%) smokers among the female cancer cases (p = 0.016). Adenocarcinoma was the commonest histological type of malignancy (n = 26, 38.8%) in the whole group and was the predominant form in the nonsmoking females. Tobacco smoking was the most important risk factor for lung cancer with OR of 4.87 (95% CI 1.34-17.76). Among non-smokers out of all the cooking fuels the risk of development of lung cancer was highest for biomass fuel exposure with an odds ratio of 5.33 (95% CI 1.7-16.7). Use of mixed fuels was associated with a lesser risk (OR = 3.04, 95% CI 1.1-8.38).). In multivariate logistic regression analysis biomass fuel exposure was still significant with OR of 3.59 (95% CI 1.07-11.97) even after adjusting for smoking and passive smoking. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that biomass fuel exposure is an important risk factor in the causation of lung cancer among women in addition of exposure to tobacco smoke. SN - 0004-5772 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15926600/Indoor_air_pollution_as_a_risk_factor_for_lung_cancer_in_women_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4334 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -