Detection and separation of nucleoside-5'-monophosphates of DNA by conjugation with the fluorescent dye BODIPY and capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection.Electrophoresis. 2005 Jun; 26(13):2591-8.E
We investigated the separation and detection of the 5'-monophosphates of 2'-deoxynucleosides selectively conjugated with 4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene-3-propionyl ethylene diamine hydrochloride (BODIPY FL EDA) at the 5'-phosphate group using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF). BODIPY conjugates of the four common deoxynucleoside-5'-monophosphates (2'-deoxyguanosine-5'-monophosphate, 2'-deoxyadenosine-5'-monophosphate, 2'-deoxycytidine-5'-monophosphate, and thymidine-5'-monophosphate) were prepared and subjected to CE-LIF to serve as standard compounds for peak assignment and to develop separation conditions for the analysis of DNA. BODIPY conjugates were detected and resolved by CE-LIF after digestion of DNA or an oligonucleotide to 5'-monophosphates by nuclease P1 (NP 1) and fluorescence labeling without further purification step. Comparative analyses of calf-thymus DNA digested either with micrococcal nuclease/spleen phosphodiesterase to 3'-monophosphates or with NP 1 to 5'-monophosphates showed that both versions of the fluorescence postlabeling assay were equally efficient and sensitive. Moreover, using the same assay, 2'-deoxyuridine and 2'-deoxy-5methylcytidine were identified in bisulfite treated DNA after NP 1 digestion indicating that fluorescence postlabeling of 2'-deoxyribonucleoside-5'-monophosphates with BODIPY FL EDA and detection by CE-LIF has the potential to determine DNA damage and genomic DNA methylation.