Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The prevalence of MDMA/MDA in both hair and urine in drug users.
Forensic Sci Int. 2005 Aug 11; 152(1):73-7.FS

Abstract

The prevalence and age distribution of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) in hair samples by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) were studied. The recoveries obtained from hair were 97% and 99% for MDMA and MDA, respectively. The inter- and intra-assay precision and accuracy were determined. Out of 791 hair samples, 44 (5.6 %) contained MDMA and/or MDA. Out of these 44 subjects, urinalyses from 35 were negative for both MDMA and MDA, while only 9 were positive. We also evaluated concentrations of MDMA and MDA, and the metabolite-to-parent drug ratios. This study showed that the abuse of MDMA or MDA was found principally among young adults and male abusers. We found the epidemiology of ecstasy users in Korea between March 2002 and April 2003.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Narcotics Analysis, National Institute of Scientific Investigation, 331-1 Shinwol 7-Dong, Yang-Chun Gu, Seoul, South Korea. hago@nisi.go.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15939177

Citation

Han, Eunyoung, et al. "The Prevalence of MDMA/MDA in Both Hair and Urine in Drug Users." Forensic Science International, vol. 152, no. 1, 2005, pp. 73-7.
Han E, Yang W, Lee J, et al. The prevalence of MDMA/MDA in both hair and urine in drug users. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;152(1):73-7.
Han, E., Yang, W., Lee, J., Park, Y., Kim, E., Lim, M., & Chung, H. (2005). The prevalence of MDMA/MDA in both hair and urine in drug users. Forensic Science International, 152(1), 73-7.
Han E, et al. The Prevalence of MDMA/MDA in Both Hair and Urine in Drug Users. Forensic Sci Int. 2005 Aug 11;152(1):73-7. PubMed PMID: 15939177.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of MDMA/MDA in both hair and urine in drug users. AU - Han,Eunyoung, AU - Yang,Wonkyung, AU - Lee,Jaesin, AU - Park,Yonghoon, AU - Kim,Eunmi, AU - Lim,Miae, AU - Chung,Heesun, PY - 2004/05/11/received PY - 2005/02/15/revised PY - 2005/03/07/accepted PY - 2005/6/9/pubmed PY - 2005/8/10/medline PY - 2005/6/9/entrez SP - 73 EP - 7 JF - Forensic science international JO - Forensic Sci. Int. VL - 152 IS - 1 N2 - The prevalence and age distribution of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) in hair samples by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) were studied. The recoveries obtained from hair were 97% and 99% for MDMA and MDA, respectively. The inter- and intra-assay precision and accuracy were determined. Out of 791 hair samples, 44 (5.6 %) contained MDMA and/or MDA. Out of these 44 subjects, urinalyses from 35 were negative for both MDMA and MDA, while only 9 were positive. We also evaluated concentrations of MDMA and MDA, and the metabolite-to-parent drug ratios. This study showed that the abuse of MDMA or MDA was found principally among young adults and male abusers. We found the epidemiology of ecstasy users in Korea between March 2002 and April 2003. SN - 0379-0738 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15939177/The_prevalence_of_MDMA/MDA_in_both_hair_and_urine_in_drug_users_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0379-0738(05)00169-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -