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Pediatric dermoid cysts of the head and neck.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Jun; 132(6):938-42.OH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review the characteristics and determine treatment outcomes of pediatric dermoid cysts.

STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING

Retrospective review of the presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of all pediatric dermoid cysts of the head and neck examined between 1980 and 2002 at Mayo Clinic.

RESULTS

Forty-nine patients (59% girls) had a dermoid cyst of the head and neck. The median age at diagnosis was 22 months. The most common presenting sign was a palpable mass, noted in 100% of patients. During evaluation, approximately 25 patients (51%) had imaging studies. The most common location of the cysts was periorbital (61%), followed by the neck (18%; including 1 submental cyst). Various surgical approaches were chosen. In 2 patients (4%), the dermoid cyst had an intracranial extension. Only 1 patient experienced recurrence. The median pathologic diameter of the cysts was 1.2 cm.

CONCLUSIONS

Dermoid cysts are unusual neoplasms that often present in childhood, with the orbit being the area most commonly affected in the head and neck region. Imaging studies help rule out an intracranial or intraorbital extension. With complete excision, recurrence is unusual. Significance Our review will assist both primary care physicians and subspecialists in diagnosing and treating dermoid cysts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15944568

Citation

Pryor, Shepherd G., et al. "Pediatric Dermoid Cysts of the Head and Neck." Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 132, no. 6, 2005, pp. 938-42.
Pryor SG, Lewis JE, Weaver AL, et al. Pediatric dermoid cysts of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;132(6):938-42.
Pryor, S. G., Lewis, J. E., Weaver, A. L., & Orvidas, L. J. (2005). Pediatric dermoid cysts of the head and neck. Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 132(6), 938-42.
Pryor SG, et al. Pediatric Dermoid Cysts of the Head and Neck. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;132(6):938-42. PubMed PMID: 15944568.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pediatric dermoid cysts of the head and neck. AU - Pryor,Shepherd G, AU - Lewis,Jean E, AU - Weaver,Amy L, AU - Orvidas,Laura J, PY - 2005/6/10/pubmed PY - 2005/7/27/medline PY - 2005/6/10/entrez SP - 938 EP - 42 JF - Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery JO - Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg VL - 132 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To review the characteristics and determine treatment outcomes of pediatric dermoid cysts. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of the presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of all pediatric dermoid cysts of the head and neck examined between 1980 and 2002 at Mayo Clinic. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients (59% girls) had a dermoid cyst of the head and neck. The median age at diagnosis was 22 months. The most common presenting sign was a palpable mass, noted in 100% of patients. During evaluation, approximately 25 patients (51%) had imaging studies. The most common location of the cysts was periorbital (61%), followed by the neck (18%; including 1 submental cyst). Various surgical approaches were chosen. In 2 patients (4%), the dermoid cyst had an intracranial extension. Only 1 patient experienced recurrence. The median pathologic diameter of the cysts was 1.2 cm. CONCLUSIONS: Dermoid cysts are unusual neoplasms that often present in childhood, with the orbit being the area most commonly affected in the head and neck region. Imaging studies help rule out an intracranial or intraorbital extension. With complete excision, recurrence is unusual. Significance Our review will assist both primary care physicians and subspecialists in diagnosing and treating dermoid cysts. SN - 0194-5998 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15944568/Pediatric_dermoid_cysts_of_the_head_and_neck_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1016/j.otohns.2005.03.005?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -