Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Eastern Turkey: clinical features, risk factors and efficacy of ribavirin therapy.J Infect. 2006 Mar; 52(3):207-15.JI
This study described the clinical features, factors affecting the outcome of this disease, risk factors, and efficacy of ribavirin therapy for CCHF patients in Eastern Turkey.
Between 2002 and 2004, 60 cases admitted to our hospital were included in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed through detection of IgM by ELISA and/or genomic segment of virus by RT-PCR.
In multivariate analysis, farming (OR, 11.4), living in a rural area (OR, 10.05) and being bitten by tick (OR, 6.75) were determined as risk factors for CCHF. The rates of fever during hospitalization, confusion, neck stiffness, bleeding from multiple sites, and presence of petechia/ecchymosis were higher in the patients who died than in surviving ones. Additionally, the mean values of ALT, AST, LHD, CK, PTT, INR and urea were also higher, and the mean PLT count was lower in the patients who died. Mean recovery time was shorter in the cases treated with ribavirin than those of control. But, the need for blood and blood product, mean hospitalization duration, fatality rates, and hospital expenditure values were not significantly different between the group of patients treated with ribavirin and control groups.
In Eastern Turkey, clinical features, factors influencing outcome of the disease, and risk factors were similar to other outbreaks of CCHF. Further studies are needed for the evaluation of ribavirin therapy in CCHF.