Hospital pharmacy compliance with JCAHO standards and ASHP guidelines for reporting adverse drug reactions.Am J Hosp Pharm. 1992 Apr; 49(4):845-50.AJ
The extent to which institutional pharmacies comply with the accreditation standards of the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) and the ASHP guidelines for reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was evaluated. A survey was mailed to directors of pharmacy at 444 randomly selected hospitals to collect information on their institutions' ADR programs; the survey addressed each point in the JCAHO accreditation standards and the ASHP guidelines. The 176 usable responses indicated that 89.8% of the institutions met all three of the JCAHO standards and 98.9% met at least two of them; 28.4% of the institutions complied with all 11 of the ASHP guidelines, and 89.2% complied with at least eight of them. Approximately 97% of the institutions had policies for ADR reporting. Respondents reported an average of 70.5 ADRs per hospital during 1989, of which 6.8 per hospital were reported to the FDA. More than 95% of all respondents indicated that they most frequently identified ADRs through voluntary reporting by health-care professionals. Respondents indicated methods and individuals responsible for reporting ADRs, notifying the physician and the FDA, and assessing severity and causality. Sixty-seven percent of the respondents indicated that they did not have a formal ADR committee for monitoring and evaluating ADRs. Almost 90% of the surveyed hospitals complied with all of the JCAHO standards for ADR reporting programs and at least 8 of the 11 ASHP guidelines for ADR monitoring and reporting.