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Investigation of craniofacial morphology in patients with hypo- and oligodontia.
J Orofac Orthop. 2005 May; 66(3):197-207.JO

Abstract

AIM

This cephalometric study was performed with the intention to qualify and quantify differences between the craniofacial morphology in persons with congenitally missing teeth (hypo- and oligodontia) in comparison with the craniofacial morphology in persons without missing teeth.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Lateral cephalograms of 42 (21 female, 21 male) patients were traced. Patient mean age at the time the radiographs were taken was 13.39+/-7.30 years. The sample was divided into two groups: There were 22 patients in the oligodontia group (11 f, 11 m). The group of those with hypodontia contained 20 persons (10 f, 10 m). The growth study by Riolo et al. served as the control.

RESULTS

Patients with congenitally missing teeth compared to those with complete dentition showed reduced maxillary and mandibular length (p<0.001). The mandible was prognathic, the chin positioned more anteriorly (angleSNB p<0.05, angleSNPog p<0.01). The overall anterior face height was noticeably lower as a result of the shortening of both upper anterior and lower anterior face heights (p<0.001). Comparison between patients with oligodontia and those with hypodontia revealed statistically significant differences in only two dentoalveolar measurements.

CONCLUSION

There were significant morphologic differences between patients with congenitally missing teeth and patients with complete dentition. Additional differentiation between oligodontia and hypodontia revealed only few differences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, University Hospital Saarland, Homburg/Saar, Germany. kfosek@uniklinikum-saarland.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng ger

PubMed ID

15959633

Citation

Lisson, Jörg A., and Sandra Scholtes. "Investigation of Craniofacial Morphology in Patients With Hypo- and Oligodontia." Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics = Fortschritte Der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official Journal Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Kieferorthopadie, vol. 66, no. 3, 2005, pp. 197-207.
Lisson JA, Scholtes S. Investigation of craniofacial morphology in patients with hypo- and oligodontia. J Orofac Orthop. 2005;66(3):197-207.
Lisson, J. A., & Scholtes, S. (2005). Investigation of craniofacial morphology in patients with hypo- and oligodontia. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics = Fortschritte Der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official Journal Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Kieferorthopadie, 66(3), 197-207.
Lisson JA, Scholtes S. Investigation of Craniofacial Morphology in Patients With Hypo- and Oligodontia. J Orofac Orthop. 2005;66(3):197-207. PubMed PMID: 15959633.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of craniofacial morphology in patients with hypo- and oligodontia. AU - Lisson,Jörg A, AU - Scholtes,Sandra, PY - 2004/10/06/received PY - 2005/03/14/accepted PY - 2005/6/17/pubmed PY - 2008/1/16/medline PY - 2005/6/17/entrez SP - 197 EP - 207 JF - Journal of orofacial orthopedics = Fortschritte der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official journal Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Kieferorthopadie JO - J Orofac Orthop VL - 66 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: This cephalometric study was performed with the intention to qualify and quantify differences between the craniofacial morphology in persons with congenitally missing teeth (hypo- and oligodontia) in comparison with the craniofacial morphology in persons without missing teeth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms of 42 (21 female, 21 male) patients were traced. Patient mean age at the time the radiographs were taken was 13.39+/-7.30 years. The sample was divided into two groups: There were 22 patients in the oligodontia group (11 f, 11 m). The group of those with hypodontia contained 20 persons (10 f, 10 m). The growth study by Riolo et al. served as the control. RESULTS: Patients with congenitally missing teeth compared to those with complete dentition showed reduced maxillary and mandibular length (p<0.001). The mandible was prognathic, the chin positioned more anteriorly (angleSNB p<0.05, angleSNPog p<0.01). The overall anterior face height was noticeably lower as a result of the shortening of both upper anterior and lower anterior face heights (p<0.001). Comparison between patients with oligodontia and those with hypodontia revealed statistically significant differences in only two dentoalveolar measurements. CONCLUSION: There were significant morphologic differences between patients with congenitally missing teeth and patients with complete dentition. Additional differentiation between oligodontia and hypodontia revealed only few differences. SN - 1434-5293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15959633/Investigation_of_craniofacial_morphology_in_patients_with_hypo__and_oligodontia_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00056-005-0437-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -