Antihyperlipidemic effect of Eugenia jambolana seed kernel on streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats.Food Chem Toxicol. 2005 Sep; 43(9):1433-9.FC
Abnormalities in lipid profile are one of the most common complications in diabetes mellitus, which is found in about 40% of diabetics. In the present study, anti-hyperlipidemic efficacy of Eugenia jambolana seed kernel (EJs-kernel) was evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and the efficacy was compared with standard hypoglycemic drug, glibenclamide. The effect of oral administration of ethanolic extract of EJs-kernel (100 mg/kg body weight) was examined on the levels of cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides and free fatty acids in the plasma, liver and kidney tissues of STZ (55 mg/kg body weight)-induced diabetic rats. The plasma lipoproteins and tissues fatty acid composition were also monitored. STZ-induced diabetic rats, showed significant increase in the levels of cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides and free fatty acids which were considerably restored to near normal in EJs-kernel or glibenclamide treated animals. The plasma lipoproteins (HDL, LDL, VLDL-cholesterol) and fatty acid composition were altered in STZ-induced diabetic rats and these levels were also reverted back to near normalcy by EJs-kernel or glibenclamide treatment. It may be concluded that, EJs-kernel possesses hypolipidemic effect, which may be due to the presence of flavonoids, saponins, glycosides and triterpenoids in the extract. The hypolipidemic effect mediated by EJs-kernel may also be anticipated to have biological significance and provide a scientific rationale for the use of EJs-kernel as an anti-diabetic plant.