[Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt: indications and long-term outcome].Zentralbl Chir. 2005 Jun; 130(3):246-9.ZC
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt has replaced surgical shunt procedures as the standard therapy for complications of portal hypertension such as refractory ascites and recurrent variceal bleeding. However, reinterventions due to TIPS stenosis are necessary in 25-50 %. Major complications are the manifestation or worsening of hepatic encephalopathy. Recent studies using PTFE covered stents have shown lower stenosis rates and a trend towards prolonged survival.