Surgical considerations in cochlear implantation in children and adults: a review of 342 cases in Vienna.Acta Otolaryngol. 2005 Mar; 125(3):228-34.AO
Our data represent the experience of the largest cochlear implant program in Austria. In conclusion, cochlear implantation is a safe procedure, associated with a low rate of intra- and postoperative complications. Nevertheless, patients should be informed about possible problems and especially about the risk of a reoperation due to device failure.
To evaluate the cause of deafness, the intraoperative findings and the complication rate for all cochlear implant operations performed consecutively between 1994 and 2003 at Vienna General Hospital.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Including all surgeries for bilateral implantation and revision, a series of 342 operations performed on 164 adults (age range 14.5-81 years; mean age 50.79 years) and 128 children (age range 0.75-14 years; mean age 5.00 years) was retrospectively analyzed.
The etiology of deafness was predominantly congenital or progressive (66.89%). The routine mastoidectomy approach was chosen in 300 patients (87.72%) and the suprameatal approach in 42 (12.28%). Intraoperatively, 4 children (2.53%) had a cerebrospinal fluid fistula and 35 patients (10.23%) showed cochlear ossification. Three adults (1.63%) and two children (1.27%) had facial nerves with an aberrant course. The overall complication rate was 12.2%, the rate of major complications was 4.97% and the rate of minor complications was 4.09%. There were no cases of either postoperative meningitis or facial nerve palsy. Both flap necrosis and electrode dislocation occurred in one adult patient (0.54%), but in none of the children. Formation of cholesteatoma was found in one adult (0.54%) and one child (0.63%). The rate of device failure was 7.07% for adults and 13.92% for children.